The Scriptural BCP - The Order for the Visitation of the Sick.

The Order for the Visitation of the Sick.

O. The order for the visitation of the sick.] The methods and essentials of this order are derived from St. James, who directeth that, in case of sickness, the presbyters should be sent for: the intention of our Church is that they should come, both sent for, and unsent for, and so was Polycarpus’s order, οἱ πρεσβύτεροι ἐπισκεπτόμενοι πάντας ἀθενεῖς, “let the presbyters visit all such persons.” A duty of all most necessary at that time, when both body and soul cry aloud for help, and present help too, or both must perish everlastingly.

The minister must help to ransack all the sluts’ corners of his patient’s soul, to search narrowly into all his sins, which, unrepented of, defile and pollute that consecrated temple of the Holy Ghost ; help him he must by making spiritual application of exhortation, reproof, consolation, congruous with, and suitable to, his particular necessities: and no time fitter for those applications than this, when the carnal lusts, and unruly passions, languishing with the body, they have all advantages for operation upon the soul.

Why this office is placed next to that of matrimony. IN a world so full of casualties as this we live in, in which sickness and even death sometimes interrupts the marriage solemnities, it should be no matter of surprise that this melancholy office is placed immediately after that of matrimony. The eastern emperors thought it not unsuitable to choose the stone for their sepulchre on the day of their coronation. And it would not a little tend to temper and moderate the exuberant joys which sometimes attend the festivities of marriage, if by casting an eye on the following form, we should call to mind, that the next and longer scene may be calamitous.

§.2. Visiting a sick of duty incumbent upon all. It is certain that no age nor sex, no state nor condition, can secure us from sickness; and therefore, as no man should forget that it will, one day or other, come to be his own lot; so should all men take care to comfort those who at present lie under this calamity. So that this is a duty which all Christians are obliged to, and to which great promises are annexed, and which was therefore always esteemed, by the ancient Fathers of the Church, to be one of the most solemn exercises of religion.

§.3. Especially upon the Clergy; Whom the sick are to send for, The Clergy more especially are expressly required to perform this duty by a divine command. For though private friends may pray for us, and with us, yet we can by no means place such confidence in their prayers, as we may in those that are sent to heaven in our behalf, by such as are peculiarly commissioned to offer them. For this reason it is enjoined by Saint James, that if any be sick, they call for the elders of the Church. From whence we may observe that the care of sending for the Minister is left to the sick. For the Priest himself, it is very probable, may never have heard of his sickness; or, if he has, may not be so good a judge when his visit will be seasonable, or when the party is best able to join with him.

§.4. At the beginning of their sickness. For this reason it is ordered by the rubric, that when any person is sick, notice shall be given thereof to the Minister of the parish: i.e. not when the person is just expiring, (as is too often the case,) but when the distemper or disease first discovers its approach. To put it off to the last scene of life, is to defer the office till it can do no good. For when the distemper is grown past recovery, to pray for his restoration is only to mock the Almighty: and what spiritual advantage can be proposed or expected from the Minister’s assistance, to one who is unable to do any thing for himself? For this reason it is the advice of the wise man, that in the time of our sickness we take care of our souls in the first place, and then afterwards give place to the physician. And among the ancient constitutions of this Church, a strict charge is laid upon the bodily physicians, that, when they are at any time called to the sick, they do before all things persuade them to send for the physician of souls, that, when care is taken for the sick man’s spirit, they may more successfully proceed to the remedies of external medicines.

§.5. Who are to go without delay. Whether the Minister be confined to the present order. It is the sick person’s duty therefore to give the Minister notice, and the Minister’s to go when notice is given: for by the sixty-seventh canon of the Church, it is ordered, that when any person is dangerously sick in any parish, the Minister or Curate (having knowledge thereof) shall resort unto him or her {if the disease be not known, or probably suspected to be infectious) to instruct and comfort them in their distress, according to the order of the Communion Book, if he be no Preacher; or if he be a Preacher, then as he shall think most needful and convenient. Which last words evidently allow a preaching Minister (that is, a Minister who is licensed to preach) the liberty of using either this order, or any other, as he shall see convenient. And it is certain that the order prescribed by the Common Prayer Book is very deficient in several cases. For which reason bishop Andrews and others have drawn up offices to supply the defect; though it may be questioned, whether, by the Act for the Uniformity of public prayers, we be not restrained from private forms. At least it were to be wished that some more copious office was provided by authority, which might take in the various conditions of the sick, for which they that confine themselves to the present order are often at a loss.

The Salutation & Prayer

THe Priest entring into the sick mans house, shall say, Peace be to this house: so our LORD commanded, S. Luke 10. 5. And if the Son of peace be there, his peace shall rest upon it.

Then kneeling down, he prayes those prayers and ejaculations following, which whosoever reads and considers impartially, shall find them to be both very pious and suitable to the occasion.

The Salutation. THE minister of the parish coming into the sick man’s house, is to say, Peace be to this house, and to all that dwell in it: which is the same salutation that our Saviour commanded his Apostles to use to every house into which they should enter. And (which is particular to our purpose) one main part of the Apostles’ errand was to heal the sick. We know indeed the Apostles worked miraculous cures: however, when the gift was ceased, the salutation remained; which therefore we use to this very day in visiting the sick, since we still go on the same charitable account, though not endued with the same power. And the sense of the words is very suitable: for peace signifies all outward blessings, though, when used in salutations, it generally imports health. For which reason, in Joseph’s inquiry after the health of his father, though the Hebrew text expresses it. Is there peace to your father? our translation renders it, Is your father well? to which the Septuagint reading also exactly corresponds, viz. Is your father in health? When therefore a family is visited with sickness or distress, what better salutation can we use than this, viz. that they may all have peace, i.e. health and prosperity? And as the apostolical salutation was not a mere compliment, but a real benediction to those that were worthy; so shall this of ours prevail for what we ask to that house which is prepared to receive it. For which reason the family should receive it with thankfulness and faith, and welcome with joy the ambassador of heaven, who in the time of their calamity comes with health and salvation to their dwelling.

When any person is sick, notice shall be given thereof to the Minister of the Parish; who, coming into the sick person's house, shall say, "Peace be to this house, and to all that dwell in it."

When he cometh into the sick person's presence he shall say, kneeling down,

Ex 20:5 You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the fourth generation of those who reject me,
Ex 32:11-12 But Moses implored the Lord his God, and said, "O Lord, why does your wrath burn hot against your people, whom you brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand? Why should the Egyptians say, 'It was with evil intent that he brought them out to kill them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth'? Turn from your fierce wrath; change your mind and do not bring disaster on your people.
Neh 13:22 And I commanded the Levites that they should purify themselves and come and guard the gates, to keep the sabbath day holy. Remember this also in my favor, O my God, and spare me according to the greatness of your steadfast love.
Ps 25:7 Do not remember the sins of my youth or my transgressions; according to your steadfast love remember me, for your goodness' sake, O Lord!
Ps 39:13 Turn your gaze away from me, that I may smile again, before I depart and am no more."
Ps 51:9 Hide your face from my sins, and blot out all my iniquities.
Ps 78:38 Yet he, being compassionate, forgave their iniquity, and did not destroy them; often he restrained his anger, and did not stir up all his wrath.
Ps 79:8 Do not remember against us the iniquities of our ancestors; let your compassion come speedily to meet us, for we are brought very low.
Ps 106:6 Both we and our ancestors have sinned; we have committed iniquity, have done wickedly.
Is 64:9 Do not be exceedingly angry, O Lord, and do not remember iniquity forever. Now consider, we are all your people.
Jer 14:20-21 We acknowledge our wickedness, O Lord, the iniquity of our ancestors, for we have sinned against you. Do not spurn us, for your name's sake; do not dishonor your glorious throne; remember and do not break your covenant with us.
Joel 2:17 Between the vestibule and the altar let the priests, the ministers of the Lord, weep. Let them say, "Spare your people, O Lord, and do not make your heritage a mockery, a byword among the nations. Why should it be said among the peoples, 'Where is their God?'"
Luke 10:5 Whatever house you enter, first say, 'Peace to this house!'
Tit 2:14 He it is who gave himself for us that he might redeem us from all iniquity and purify for himself a people of his own who are zealous for good deeds.
Heb 8:12 For I will be merciful toward their iniquities, and I will remember their sins no more."
Heb 9:22 Indeed, under the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins.
1 Pet 1:18-19 You know that you were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your ancestors, not with perishable things like silver or gold, but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without defect or blemish.

I. Psalm 143 used formerly. The Sentences out of the Litany. WHEN the Minister is come into the sick man’s presence, he is to begin the Supplications. By the first book of king Edward, these were introduced with the hundred and forty-third Psalm; which, upon whatever occasion it was composed, is very proper and applicable to any state of affliction. But at the next review this Psalm was left out, and the office has ever since begun with the sentence out of the Litany. For the Litany being designed for the averting of evil, and the proper office for a state of affliction, would have been very proper to be used here entirely, but that it is supposed the sick man cannot attend so long. For which reason there is only one sentence taken out of the whole, to deprecate both our own and the iniquities of our forefathers, which so long as God remembers, his holiness and justice will oblige him to punish us more and more. And because all of us equally deserve to be afflicted, as well as the person for whom we are going to pray, therefore all that are present join to sayboth for themselves and him, Spare us, good Lord.

The Opening Prayers

Then the Minister shall say, "Let us pray."

Kyrie eleison

II. Lord have mercy upon us, &c. And as all that came to Jesus for help used to cry, Lord have mercy upon us: so do we here, on the like occasion, supplicate and beseech the whole Trinity for mercy, in that ancient form of which we have already spoken.

Ps 6:2 Be gracious to me, O Lord, for I am languishing; O Lord, heal me, for my bones are shaking with terror.
Ps 123:3 Have mercy upon us, O Lord, have mercy upon us, for we have had more than enough of contempt.
Luke 17:13 they called out, saying, "Jesus, Master, have mercy on us!"

The Lord's Prayer

III. The Lord's Prayer. When we have thus prayed against evil, we proceed to petition for those good things which the sick man’s condition makes him stand in need of. And that our prayers may be the more prevailing, they are introduced as usual with the Prayer of our Lord, which is more particularly proper here, as being very suitable to a state of trouble.

Then the Minister, Clerks, and people shall say the Lord's Prayer with a loud voice.

Luke 11:2-4 He was praying in a certain place, and after he had finished, one of his disciples said to him, “Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.” He said to them, “When you pray, say: Father, hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come. Give us each day our daily bread. And forgive us our sins, for we ourselves forgive everyone indebted to us. And do not bring us to the time of trial.”

The Responses

IV. The Versicles and Responses. This is followed by some short Responses, in which all that are present are to join with the Priest in behalf of the sick, who will doubtless be refreshed by the charity and devotion of so many supplicants, with united requests, petitioning the throne of grace for him.

Ps 20:1-2 The Lord answer you in the day of trouble! The name of the God of Jacob protect you! May he send you help from the sanctuary, and give you support from Zion.
Ps 89:22-23 The enemy shall not outwit him, the wicked shall not humble him. I will crush his foes before him and strike down those who hate him.
Ps 61:3 for you are my refuge, a strong tower against the enemy.
Prov 18:10 The name of the Lord is a strong tower; the righteous run into it and are safe.

The Collects

First collect.

V. The first Collect. After this the Minister proceeds to collect the requests of the people into a short prayer; wherein he begs, that whilst the sickness remains, it may be made easy to bear, by the comforts of divine grace continually bestowed upon the person that suffers.

Ps 31:16 Let your face shine upon your servant; save me in your steadfast love.
Ps 80:14 Turn again, O God of hosts; look down from heaven, and see; have regard for this vine,
Ps 106:4 Remember me, O Lord, when you show favor to your people; help me when you deliver them;
Ps 119:41 Let your steadfast love come to me, O Lord, your salvation according to your promise.
Ps 119:82 My eyes fail with watching for your promise; I ask, "When will you comfort me?"
Is 63:15 Look down from heaven and see, from your holy and glorious habitation. Where are your zeal and your might? The yearning of your heart and your compassion? They are withheld from me.
1 Sam 6:5 So you must make images of your tumors and images of your mice that ravage the land, and give glory to the God of Israel; perhaps he will lighten his hand on you and your gods and your land.
Ps 25:17 Relieve the troubles of my heart, and bring me out of my distress.
Ps 39:10 Remove your stroke from me; I am worn down by the blows of your hand.
Jam 5:13-15 Are any among you suffering? They should pray. Are any cheerful? They should sing songs of praise. Are any among you sick? They should call for the elders of the church and have them pray over them, anointing them with oil in the name of the Lord. The prayer of faith will save the sick, and the Lord will raise them up; and anyone who has committed sins will be forgiven.
Ps 59:1 Deliver me from my enemies, O my God; protect me from those who rise up against me.
Ps 64:1 Hear my voice, O God, in my complaint; preserve my life from the dread enemy.
Ps 65:5 By awesome deeds you answer us with deliverance, O God of our salvation; you are the hope of all the ends of the earth and of the farthest seas.
Ps 90:15 Make us glad as many days as you have afflicted us, and as many years as we have seen evil.
Ps 103:8-9 The Lord is merciful and gracious, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love. He will not always accuse, nor will he keep his anger forever.
Ps 119:76 Let your steadfast love become my comfort according to your promise to your servant.
Ps 119:82 My eyes fail with watching for your promise; I ask, "When will you comfort me?"
Prov 14:26 In the fear of the Lord one has strong confidence, and one's children will have a refuge.
Is 51:12 I, I am he who comforts you; why then are you afraid of a mere mortal who must die, a human being who fades like grass?
Is 57:18 I have seen their ways, but I will heal them; I will lead them and repay them with comfort, creating for their mourners the fruit of the lips.
Matt 5:4 "Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted.
1 Pet 3:12 For the eyes of the Lord are on the righteous, and his ears are open to their prayer. But the face of the Lord is against those who do evil."
1 Pet 5:8 Discipline yourselves, keep alert. Like a roaring lion your adversary the devil prowls around, looking for someone to devour.
1 John 3:21 Beloved, if our hearts do not condemn us, we have boldness before God;
1 John 5:14 And this is the boldness we have in him, that if we ask anything according to his will, he hears us.
Job 5:18-19 For he wounds, but he binds up; he strikes, but his hands heal. He will deliver you from six troubles; in seven no harm shall touch you.
Ps 61:3 for you are my refuge, a strong tower against the enemy.
Ps 71:20-21 You who have made me see many troubles and calamities will revive me again; from the depths of the earth you will bring me up again. You will increase my honor, and comfort me once again.
Ps 27:5 For he will hide me in his shelter in the day of trouble; he will conceal me under the cover of his tent; he will set me high on a rock.
Ps 40:11 Do not, O Lord, withhold your mercy from me; let your steadfast love and your faithfulness keep me safe forever.
Ps 55:22 Cast your burden on the Lord, and he will sustain you; he will never permit the righteous to be moved.
Ps 119:117 Hold me up, that I may be safe and have regard for your statutes continually.
Prov 29:25 The fear of others lays a snare, but one who trusts in the Lord is secure.
Is 26:3 Those of steadfast mind you keep in peace-- in peace because they trust in you.
John 16:23 On that day you will ask nothing of me. Very truly, I tell you, if you ask anything of the Father in my name, he will give it to you.
Phil 4:7 And the peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.
Heb 7:25 Consequently he is able for all time to save those who approach God through him, since he always lives to make intercession for them.
Eph 2:14-17 For he is our peace; in his flesh he has made both groups into one and has broken down the dividing wall, that is, the hostility between us. He has abolished the law with its commandments and ordinances, that he might create in himself one new humanity in place of the two, thus making peace, and might reconcile both groups to God in one body through the cross, thus putting to death that hostility through it. So he came and proclaimed peace to you who were far off and peace to those who were near;
Col 1:20 and through him God was pleased to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, by making peace through the blood of his cross.
1 Pet 5:14 Greet one another with a kiss of love. Peace to all of you who are in Christ.

Second collect.

VI. The second Collect. And then, in another prayer, he proceeds further to beg that the correction may be sanctified, so that, whether it end in life or death, it may turn to his advantage.

§.2. How this prayer was worded formerly. This last prayer was shorter before the last review: how it ran then may be seen in the margin,† where the instances borrowed from the Roman offices, being examples of miraculous cures which are not now to be expected, were prudently left out, and supplied with some other more suitable petitions; which must be allowed to be a good improvement of the form.

Ex 34:6-7 The Lord passed before him, and proclaimed, "The Lord, the Lord, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness, keeping steadfast love for the thousandth generation, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, yet by no means clearing the guilty, but visiting the iniquity of the parents upon the children and the children's children, to the third and the fourth generation."
Job 5:17 "How happy is the one whom God reproves; therefore do not despise the discipline of the Almighty.
Job 8:5-6 If you will seek God and make supplication to the Almighty, if you are pure and upright, surely then he will rouse himself for you and restore to you your rightful place.
Ps 69:13 But as for me, my prayer is to you, O Lord. At an acceptable time, O God, in the abundance of your steadfast love, answer me. With your faithful help
Ps 100:5 For the Lord is good; his steadfast love endures forever, and his faithfulness to all generations.
Ps 118:4 Let those who fear the Lord say, "His steadfast love endures forever."
Is 45:15 Truly, you are a God who hides himself, O God of Israel, the Savior.
Is 60:16 You shall suck the milk of nations, you shall suck the breasts of kings; and you shall know that I, the Lord, am your Savior and your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.
Is 63:1 "Who is this that comes from Edom, from Bozrah in garments stained crimson? Who is this so splendidly robed, marching in his great might?" "It is I, announcing vindication, mighty to save."
Is 63:8 For he said, "Surely they are my people, children who will not deal falsely"; and he became their savior
2 Kings 20:1-3 In those days Hezekiah became sick and was at the point of death. The prophet Isaiah son of Amoz came to him, and said to him, "Thus says the Lord: Set your house in order, for you shall die; you shall not recover." Then Hezekiah turned his face to the wall and prayed to the Lord: "Remember now, O Lord, I implore you, how I have walked before you in faithfulness with a whole heart, and have done what is good in your sight." Hezekiah wept bitterly.
Ps 25:18 Consider my affliction and my trouble, and forgive all my sins.
Ps 106:4 Remember me, O Lord, when you show favor to your people; help me when you deliver them;
Ps 116:3-4 The snares of death encompassed me; the pangs of Sheol laid hold on me; I suffered distress and anguish. Then I called on the name of the Lord: "O Lord, I pray, save my life!"
Ps 119:124-132 Deal with your servant according to your steadfast love, and teach me your statutes. I am your servant; give me understanding, so that I may know your decrees. It is time for the Lord to act, for your law has been broken. Truly I love your commandments more than gold, more than fine gold. Truly I direct my steps by all your precepts; I hate every false way. Your decrees are wonderful; therefore my soul keeps them. The unfolding of your words gives light; it imparts understanding to the simple. With open mouth I pant, because I long for your commandments. Turn to me and be gracious to me, as is your custom toward those who love your name.
Ps 142:7 Bring me out of prison, so that I may give thanks to your name. The righteous will surround me, for you will deal bountifully with me.
Is 38:14 Like a swallow or a crane I clamor, I moan like a dove. My eyes are weary with looking upward. O Lord, I am oppressed; be my security!
Ps 103:13 As a father has compassion for his children, so the Lord has compassion for those who fear him.
Heb 12:6-11 for the Lord disciplines those whom he loves, and chastises every child whom he accepts." Endure trials for the sake of discipline. God is treating you as children; for what child is there whom a parent does not discipline? If you do not have that discipline in which all children share, then you are illegitimate and not his children. Moreover, we had human parents to discipline us, and we respected them. Should we not be even more willing to be subject to the Father of spirits and live? For they disciplined us for a short time as seemed best to them, but he disciplines us for our good, in order that we may share his holiness. Now, discipline always seems painful rather than pleasant at the time, but later it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness to those who have been trained by it.
Jam 1:3 because you know that the testing of your faith produces endurance;
Jam 1:12 Blessed is anyone who endures temptation. Such a one has stood the test and will receive the crown of life that the Lord has promised to those who love him.
1 Pet 3:15 but in your hearts sanctify Christ as Lord. Always be ready to make your defense to anyone who demands from you an accounting for the hope that is in you;
Job 7:20 If I sin, what do I do to you, you watcher of humanity? Why have you made me your target? Why have I become a burden to you?
Job 34:32 teach me what I do not see; if I have done iniquity, I will do it no more'?
Job 42:5-6 I had heard of you by the hearing of the ear, but now my eye sees you; therefore I despise myself, and repent in dust and ashes."
Ps 27:13 I believe that I shall see the goodness of the Lord in the land of the living.
Ps 31:9-10 Be gracious to me, O Lord, for I am in distress; my eye wastes away from grief, my soul and body also. For my life is spent with sorrow, and my years with sighing; my strength fails because of my misery, and my bones waste away.
Ps 42:11 Why are you cast down, O my soul, and why are you disquieted within me? Hope in God; for I shall again praise him, my help and my God.
Ps 77:4 You keep my eyelids from closing; I am so troubled that I cannot speak.
Ps 77:9-10 Has God forgotten to be gracious? Has he in anger shut up his compassion?"Selah And I say, "It is my grief that the right hand of the Most High has changed."
Ps 119:50 This is my comfort in my distress, that your promise gives me life.
Ps 119:59-60 When I think of your ways, I turn my feet to your decrees; I hurry and do not delay to keep your commandments.
Ps 119:67 Before I was humbled I went astray, but now I keep your word.
Ps 119:75 I know, O Lord, that your judgments are right, and that in faithfulness you have humbled me.
Is 38:10 I said: In the noontide of my days I must depart; I am consigned to the gates of Sheol for the rest of my years.
Is 38:14 Like a swallow or a crane I clamor, I moan like a dove. My eyes are weary with looking upward. O Lord, I am oppressed; be my security!
Mark 9:24 Immediately the father of the child cried out, "I believe; help my unbelief!"
Mark 10:46-48 They came to Jericho. As he and his disciples and a large crowd were leaving Jericho, Bartimaeus son of Timaeus, a blind beggar, was sitting by the roadside. When he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to shout out and say, "Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!" Many sternly ordered him to be quiet, but he cried out even more loudly, "Son of David, have mercy on me!"
Luke 13:3 No, I tell you; but unless you repent, you will all perish as they did.
2 Cor 12:9 but he said to me, "My grace is sufficient for you, for power is made perfect in weakness." So, I will boast all the more gladly of my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ may dwell in me.
Jer 2:30 In vain I have struck down your children; they accepted no correction. Your own sword devoured your prophets like a ravening lion.
1 Cor 11:32 But when we are judged by the Lord, we are disciplined so that we may not be condemned along with the world.
2 Kings 20:4-6 Before Isaiah had gone out of the middle court, the word of the Lord came to him: "Turn back, and say to Hezekiah prince of my people, Thus says the Lord, the God of your ancestor David: I have heard your prayer, I have seen your tears; indeed, I will heal you; on the third day you shall go up to the house of the Lord. I will add fifteen years to your life. I will deliver you and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria; I will defend this city for my own sake and for my servant David's sake."
Ps 39:13 Turn your gaze away from me, that I may smile again, before I depart and am no more."
Ps 40:13 Be pleased, O Lord, to deliver me; O Lord, make haste to help me.
Ps 116:9 I walk before the Lord in the land of the living.
Ps 116:12-13 What shall I return to the Lord for all his bounty to me? I will lift up the cup of salvation and call on the name of the Lord,
Prov 23:17 Do not let your heart envy sinners, but always continue in the fear of the Lord.
Is 38:19-20 The living, the living, they thank you, as I do this day; fathers make known to children your faithfulness. The Lord will save me, and we will sing to stringed instruments all the days of our lives, at the house of the Lord.
Luke 22:42 "Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me; yet, not my will but yours be done."
John 5:14 Later Jesus found him in the temple and said to him, "See, you have been made well! Do not sin any more, so that nothing worse happens to you."
John 15:8 My Father is glorified by this, that you bear much fruit and become my disciples.
Job 1:21 He said, "Naked I came from my mother's womb, and naked shall I return there; the Lord gave, and the Lord has taken away; blessed be the name of the Lord."
Job 5:7 but human beings are born to trouble just as sparks fly upward.
Job 7:16 I loathe my life; I would not live forever. Let me alone, for my days are a breath.
Job 14:14 If mortals die, will they live again? All the days of my service I would wait until my release should come.
Job 14:22 They feel only the pain of their own bodies, and mourn only for themselves."
Job 19:25-27 For I know that my Redeemer lives, and that at the last he will stand upon the earth; and after my skin has been thus destroyed, then in my flesh I shall see God, whom I shall see on my side, and my eyes shall behold, and not another. My heart faints within me!
Ps 23:4 Even though I walk through the darkest valley, I fear no evil; for you are with me; your rod and your staff-- they comfort me.
Ps 39:9 I am silent; I do not open my mouth, for it is you who have done it.
Ps 94:12-13 Happy are those whom you discipline, O Lord, and whom you teach out of your law, giving them respite from days of trouble, until a pit is dug for the wicked.
Is 10:3 What will you do on the day of punishment, in the calamity that will come from far away? To whom will you flee for help, and where will you leave your wealth,
Lam 3:39-40 Why should any who draw breath complain about the punishment of their sins? Let us test and examine our ways, and return to the Lord.
John 14:2-3 In my Father's house there are many dwelling places. If it were not so, would I have told you that I go to prepare a place for you? And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself, so that where I am, there you may be also.
2 Cor 9:8 And God is able to provide you with every blessing in abundance, so that by always having enough of everything, you may share abundantly in every good work.
2 Cor 12:9 but he said to me, "My grace is sufficient for you, for power is made perfect in weakness." So, I will boast all the more gladly of my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ may dwell in me.
1 Thess 4:14 For since we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so, through Jesus, God will bring with him those who have died.
1 Thess 4:17 Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up in the clouds together with them to meet the Lord in the air; and so we will be with the Lord forever.
Jam 1:12 Blessed is anyone who endures temptation. Such a one has stood the test and will receive the crown of life that the Lord has promised to those who love him.

The Exhortation

Then shall the Priest exhort the sick person after this manner. The prayers are all prescribed, but the exhortation is left arbitrary to the discretion of the Priest, who can hardly be thought to make a better.

The first party. IT is a part of the Minister’s office to exhort, as well as to pray for their people, and that not only in time of health, but also in sickness: for then they stand in most need of directions, and are then most likely to follow wholesome advice. The Church therefore, being unwilling to lose so likely an opportunity of doing good, when the sufferings of the patient make him tender and tractable, hath drawn up a proper and pious Exhortation, to improve that happy temper for his soul’s salvation. The form here prescribed exactly agrees with the heads of Exhortation, which the Priest was ordered to use to the sick by an ancient Council above eight hundred years ago.

First part.

It consists first of Instructions, concerning the author of afflictions, the ends for which they are sent, the manner how we are to bear them, and the benefits of improving them. And here, if the person be very sick, the Curate may end his Exhortation.

Then shall the Minister exhort the sick person after this form, or other like.

Gen 15:15 As for yourself, you shall go to your ancestors in peace; you shall be buried in a good old age.
Deut 4:39 So acknowledge today and take to heart that the Lord is God in heaven above and on the earth beneath; there is no other.
Deut 32:39-40 See now that I, even I, am he; there is no god besides me. I kill and I make alive; I wound and I heal; and no one can deliver from my hand. For I lift up my hand to heaven, and swear: As I live forever,
1 Sam 2:6 The Lord kills and brings to life; he brings down to Sheol and raises up.
2 Sam 12:15 Then Nathan went to his house. The Lord struck the child that Uriah's wife bore to David, and it became very ill.
1 Chron 29:12 Riches and honor come from you, and you rule over all. In your hand are power and might; and it is in your hand to make great and to give strength to all.
Job 12:9-10 Who among all these does not know that the hand of the Lord has done this? In his hand is the life of every living thing and the breath of every human being.
Ps 42:11 Why are you cast down, O my soul, and why are you disquieted within me? Hope in God; for I shall again praise him, my help and my God.
Ps 68:20 Our God is a God of salvation, and to God, the Lord, belongs escape from death.
Ps 89:25 I will set his hand on the sea and his right hand on the rivers.
Ps 102:23 He has broken my strength in midcourse; he has shortened my days.
Ps 103:5 who satisfies you with good as long as you live so that your youth is renewed like the eagle's.
Is 38:5 "Go and say to Hezekiah, Thus says the Lord, the God of your ancestor David: I have heard your prayer, I have seen your tears; I will add fifteen years to your life.
Acts 17:25 nor is he served by human hands, as though he needed anything, since he himself gives to all mortals life and breath and all things.
Col 1:17 He himself is before all things, and in him all things hold together.
1 Sam 3:18 So Samuel told him everything and hid nothing from him. Then he said, "It is the Lord; let him do what seems good to him."
2 Kings 15:5 The Lord struck the king, so that he was leprous to the day of his death, and lived in a separate house. Jotham the king's son was in charge of the palace, governing the people of the land.
Ps 89:32 then I will punish their transgression with the rod and their iniquity with scourges;
Amos 3:6 Is a trumpet blown in a city, and the people are not afraid? Does disaster befall a city, unless the Lord has done it?
Matt 10:29-30 Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? Yet not one of them will fall to the ground apart from your Father. And even the hairs of your head are all counted.
Ps 40:1-3 I waited patiently for the Lord; he inclined to me and heard my cry. He drew me up from the desolate pit, out of the miry bog, and set my feet upon a rock, making my steps secure. He put a new song in my mouth, a song of praise to our God. Many will see and fear, and put their trust in the Lord.
Ps 66:10 For you, O God, have tested us; you have tried us as silver is tried.
John 11:4 But when Jesus heard it, he said, "This illness does not lead to death; rather it is for God's glory, so that the Son of God may be glorified through it."
Rom 12:12 Rejoice in hope, be patient in suffering, persevere in prayer.
Heb 6:12 so that you may not become sluggish, but imitators of those who through faith and patience inherit the promises.
Jam 1:2-4 My brothers and sisters, whenever you face trials of any kind, consider it nothing but joy, because you know that the testing of your faith produces endurance; and let endurance have its full effect, so that you may be mature and complete, lacking in nothing.
Jam 5:10 As an example of suffering and patience, beloved, take the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord.
John 5:6 When Jesus saw him lying there and knew that he had been there a long time, he said to him, "Do you want to be made well?"
2 Cor 4:17-18 For this slight momentary affliction is preparing us for an eternal weight of glory beyond all measure, because we look not at what can be seen but at what cannot be seen; for what can be seen is temporary, but what cannot be seen is eternal.
2 Thess 1:10-12 when he comes to be glorified by his saints and to be marveled at on that day among all who have believed, because our testimony to you was believed. To this end we always pray for you, asking that our God will make you worthy of his call and will fulfill by his power every good resolve and work of faith, so that the name of our Lord Jesus may be glorified in you, and you in him, according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.
1 Pet 1:6-7 In this you rejoice, even if now for a little while you have had to suffer various trials, so that the genuineness of your faith--being more precious than gold that, though perishable, is tested by fire--may be found to result in praise and glory and honor when Jesus Christ is revealed.
1 Pet 1:9 for you are receiving the outcome of your faith, the salvation of your souls.
Jude 24:25 Now to him who is able to keep you from falling, and to make you stand without blemish in the presence of his glory with rejoicing,
Rev 2:10 Do not fear what you are about to suffer. Beware, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison so that you may be tested, and for ten days you will have affliction. Be faithful until death, and I will give you the crown of life.
Matt 25:34-36 Then the king will say to those at his right hand, 'Come, you that are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world; for I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you welcomed me, I was naked and you gave me clothing, I was sick and you took care of me, I was in prison and you visited me.'
Mark 9:41 For truly I tell you, whoever gives you a cup of water to drink because you bear the name of Christ will by no means lose the reward.
Ps 11:5 The Lord tests the righteous and the wicked, and his soul hates the lover of violence.
Ps 39:11 "You chastise mortals in punishment for sin, consuming like a moth what is dear to them; surely everyone is a mere breath.Selah
Ps 89:30-33 If his children forsake my law and do not walk according to my ordinances, if they violate my statutes and do not keep my commandments, then I will punish their transgression with the rod and their iniquity with scourges; but I will not remove from him my steadfast love, or be false to my faithfulness.
Ps 119:67 Before I was humbled I went astray, but now I keep your word.
Ps 119:71 It is good for me that I was humbled, so that I might learn your statutes.
Ps 119:75 I know, O Lord, that your judgments are right, and that in faithfulness you have humbled me.
Hos 5:15 I will return again to my place until they acknowledge their guilt and seek my face. In their distress they will beg my favor:
Hab 1:13 Your eyes are too pure to behold evil, and you cannot look on wrongdoing; why do you look on the treacherous, and are silent when the wicked swallow those more righteous than they?
Heb 12:6 for the Lord disciplines those whom he loves, and chastises every child whom he accepts."
Heb 12:10 For they disciplined us for a short time as seemed best to them, but he disciplines us for our good, in order that we may share his holiness.
Rev 3:19 I reprove and discipline those whom I love. Be earnest, therefore, and repent.
Jer 10:24 Correct me, O Lord, but in just measure; not in your anger, or you will bring me to nothing.
Ps 11:5 The Lord tests the righteous and the wicked, and his soul hates the lover of violence.
Ps 39:11 "You chastise mortals in punishment for sin, consuming like a moth what is dear to them; surely everyone is a mere breath.Selah
Ps 89:30-33 If his children forsake my law and do not walk according to my ordinances, if they violate my statutes and do not keep my commandments, then I will punish their transgression with the rod and their iniquity with scourges; but I will not remove from him my steadfast love, or be false to my faithfulness.
Ps 119:67 Before I was humbled I went astray, but now I keep your word.
Ps 119:71 It is good for me that I was humbled, so that I might learn your statutes.
Ps 119:75 I know, O Lord, that your judgments are right, and that in faithfulness you have humbled me.
Hos 5:15 I will return again to my place until they acknowledge their guilt and seek my face. In their distress they will beg my favor:
Hab 1:13 Your eyes are too pure to behold evil, and you cannot look on wrongdoing; why do you look on the treacherous, and are silent when the wicked swallow those more righteous than they?
Heb 12:6 for the Lord disciplines those whom he loves, and chastises every child whom he accepts."
Heb 12:10 For they disciplined us for a short time as seemed best to them, but he disciplines us for our good, in order that we may share his holiness.
Rev 3:19 I reprove and discipline those whom I love. Be earnest, therefore, and repent.
Jer 10:24 Correct me, O Lord, but in just measure; not in your anger, or you will bring me to nothing.
1 Sam 3:18 So Samuel told him everything and hid nothing from him. Then he said, "It is the Lord; let him do what seems good to him."
Job 1:20-21 Then Job arose, tore his robe, shaved his head, and fell on the ground and worshiped. He said, "Naked I came from my mother's womb, and naked shall I return there; the Lord gave, and the Lord has taken away; blessed be the name of the Lord."
Ps 16:8 I keep the Lord always before me; because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved.
Ps 119:75 I know, O Lord, that your judgments are right, and that in faithfulness you have humbled me.
Ps 107:6-7 Then they cried to the Lord in their trouble, and he delivered them from their distress; he led them by a straight way, until they reached an inhabited town.
Ps 119:71 It is good for me that I was humbled, so that I might learn your statutes.
Rom 5:3-5 And not only that, but we also boast in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance, and endurance produces character, and character produces hope, and hope does not disappoint us, because God's love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit that has been given to us.
2 Cor 4:17 For this slight momentary affliction is preparing us for an eternal weight of glory beyond all measure,
Heb 12:10-11 For they disciplined us for a short time as seemed best to them, but he disciplines us for our good, in order that we may share his holiness. Now, discipline always seems painful rather than pleasant at the time, but later it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness to those who have been trained by it.
Jam 1:12 Blessed is anyone who endures temptation. Such a one has stood the test and will receive the crown of life that the Lord has promised to those who love him.
1 Pet 5:6 Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, so that he may exalt you in due time.

Second part.

But if his distemper will allow him to proceed, the Minister is to admonish and stir him up to the practice of those virtues which are now especially needful: such as, in the first place, is patience; since, till his mind is made calm, it is vain to press him either to faith or repentance. For which reason this second part of the Exhortation we are speaking of endeavours to cheer up the spirits of the sick, by proper arguments, precepts, and examples.

If the person visited be very sick, then the Curate may end his exhortation in this place, or else proceed.

Prov 3:11 My child, do not despise the Lord's discipline or be weary of his reproof,
Heb 12:6-10 for the Lord disciplines those whom he loves, and chastises every child whom he accepts." Endure trials for the sake of discipline. God is treating you as children; for what child is there whom a parent does not discipline? If you do not have that discipline in which all children share, then you are illegitimate and not his children. Moreover, we had human parents to discipline us, and we respected them. Should we not be even more willing to be subject to the Father of spirits and live? For they disciplined us for a short time as seemed best to them, but he disciplines us for our good, in order that we may share his holiness.
1 Sam 3:18 So Samuel told him everything and hid nothing from him. Then he said, "It is the Lord; let him do what seems good to him."
2 Sam 16:10 But the king said, "What have I to do with you, you sons of Zeruiah? If he is cursing because the Lord has said to him, 'Curse David,' who then shall say, 'Why have you done so?'"
2 Sam 16:12 It may be that the Lord will look on my distress, and the Lord will repay me with good for this cursing of me today."
2 Kings 20:19 Then Hezekiah said to Isaiah, "The word of the Lord that you have spoken is good." For he thought, "Why not, if there will be peace and security in my days?"
Ps 119:49-50 Remember your word to your servant, in which you have made me hope. This is my comfort in my distress, that your promise gives me life.
Ps 119:111 Your decrees are my heritage forever; they are the joy of my heart.
Rom 5:3 And not only that, but we also boast in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance,
Rom 12:12 Rejoice in hope, be patient in suffering, persevere in prayer.
Rom 12:15 Rejoice with those who rejoice, weep with those who weep.
Rom 15:4 For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, so that by steadfastness and by the encouragement of the scriptures we might have hope.
Eph 5:20 giving thanks to God the Father at all times and for everything in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.
2 Tim 3:16 All scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness,
Jam 1:2 My brothers and sisters, whenever you face trials of any kind, consider it nothing but joy,
1 Cor 10:11 These things happened to them to serve as an example, and they were written down to instruct us, on whom the ends of the ages have come.
Is 53:7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth.
Luke 24:26 Was it not necessary that the Messiah should suffer these things and then enter into his glory?"
2 Cor 7:4 I often boast about you; I have great pride in you; I am filled with consolation; I am overjoyed in all our affliction.
2 Cor 12:9-10 but he said to me, "My grace is sufficient for you, for power is made perfect in weakness." So, I will boast all the more gladly of my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ may dwell in me. Therefore I am content with weaknesses, insults, hardships, persecutions, and calamities for the sake of Christ; for whenever I am weak, then I am strong.
2 Cor 13:4 For he was crucified in weakness, but lives by the power of God. For we are weak in him, but in dealing with you we will live with him by the power of God.
Phil 1:29 For he has graciously granted you the privilege not only of believing in Christ, but of suffering for him as well--
Phil 3:10 I want to know Christ and the power of his resurrection and the sharing of his sufferings by becoming like him in his death,
2 Thess 2:16 Now may our Lord Jesus Christ himself and God our Father, who loved us and through grace gave us eternal comfort and good hope,
Heb 2:10 It was fitting that God, for whom and through whom all things exist, in bringing many children to glory, should make the pioneer of their salvation perfect through sufferings.
Heb 5:8-9 Although he was a Son, he learned obedience through what he suffered; and having been made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him,
Heb 12:2 looking to Jesus the pioneer and perfecter of our faith, who for the sake of the joy that was set before him endured the cross, disregarding its shame, and has taken his seat at the right hand of the throne of God.
1 Pet 2:21-24 For to this you have been called, because Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example, so that you should follow in his steps. "He committed no sin, and no deceit was found in his mouth." When he was abused, he did not return abuse; when he suffered, he did not threaten; but he entrusted himself to the one who judges justly. He himself bore our sins in his body on the cross, so that, free from sins, we might live for righteousness; by his wounds you have been healed.
1 Pet 4:19 Therefore, let those suffering in accordance with God's will entrust themselves to a faithful Creator, while continuing to do good.
Heb 11:25-26 choosing rather to share ill-treatment with the people of God than to enjoy the fleeting pleasures of sin. He considered abuse suffered for the Christ to be greater wealth than the treasures of Egypt, for he was looking ahead to the reward.
John 10:9 I am the gate. Whoever enters by me will be saved, and will come in and go out and find pasture.
John 14:6 Jesus said to him, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.
Rom 6:3-9 Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? Therefore we have been buried with him by baptism into death, so that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life. For if we have been united with him in a death like his, we will certainly be united with him in a resurrection like his. We know that our old self was crucified with him so that the body of sin might be destroyed, and we might no longer be enslaved to sin. For whoever has died is freed from sin. But if we have died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him. We know that Christ, being raised from the dead, will never die again; death no longer has dominion over him.
Rom 8:11 If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised Christ from the dead will give life to your mortal bodies also through his Spirit that dwells in you.
Rom 8:18 I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worth comparing with the glory about to be revealed to us.
1 Cor 15:22 for as all die in Adam, so all will be made alive in Christ.
Col 3:3-4 for you have died, and your life is hidden with Christ in God. When Christ who is your life is revealed, then you also will be revealed with him in glory.
2 Tim 2:11-12 The saying is sure: If we have died with him, we will also live with him; if we endure, we will also reign with him; if we deny him, he will also deny us;
Rev 7:14-15 I said to him, "Sir, you are the one that knows." Then he said to me, "These are they who have come out of the great ordeal; they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. For this reason they are before the throne of God, and worship him day and night within his temple, and the one who is seated on the throne will shelter them.
Ps 37:7 Be still before the Lord, and wait patiently for him; do not fret over those who prosper in their way, over those who carry out evil devices.
Ps 40:1 I waited patiently for the Lord; he inclined to me and heard my cry.
Ps 119:71 It is good for me that I was humbled, so that I might learn your statutes.
Is 27:9 Therefore by this the guilt of Jacob will be expiated, and this will be the full fruit of the removal of his sin: when he makes all the stones of the altars like chalkstones crushed to pieces, no sacred poles or incense altars will remain standing.
Lam 3:25-26 The Lord is good to those who wait for him, to the soul that seeks him. It is good that one should wait quietly for the salvation of the Lord.
1 Tim 6:12 Fight the good fight of the faith; take hold of the eternal life, to which you were called and for which you made the good confession in the presence of many witnesses.
Heb 3:14 For we have become partners of Christ, if only we hold our first confidence firm to the end.
Heb 10:23 Let us hold fast to the confession of our hope without wavering, for he who has promised is faithful.
Acts 10:34 Then Peter began to speak to them: "I truly understand that God shows no partiality,
Acts 17:31 because he has fixed a day on which he will have the world judged in righteousness by a man whom he has appointed, and of this he has given assurance to all by raising him from the dead."
Heb 9:27 And just as it is appointed for mortals to die once, and after that the judgment,
1 Pet 1:17 If you invoke as Father the one who judges all people impartially according to their deeds, live in reverent fear during the time of your exile.
1 Pet 4:5 But they will have to give an accounting to him who stands ready to judge the living and the dead.
2 Kings 20:1 In those days Hezekiah became sick and was at the point of death. The prophet Isaiah son of Amoz came to him, and said to him, "Thus says the Lord: Set your house in order, for you shall die; you shall not recover."
Job 42:6 therefore I despise myself, and repent in dust and ashes."
Ps 26:2 Prove me, O Lord, and try me; test my heart and mind.
Ps 32:3 While I kept silence, my body wasted away through my groaning all day long.
Ps 32:5 Then I acknowledged my sin to you, and I did not hide my iniquity; I said, "I will confess my transgressions to the Lord," and you forgave the guilt of my sin.Selah
Ps 51:3 For I know my transgressions, and my sin is ever before me.
Prov 28:13 No one who conceals transgressions will prosper, but one who confesses and forsakes them will obtain mercy.
Lam 3:40 Let us test and examine our ways, and return to the Lord.
Hag 1:5 Now therefore thus says the Lord of hosts: Consider how you have fared.
John 3:16 "For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not perish but may have eternal life.
Acts 13:38 Let it be known to you therefore, my brothers, that through this man forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you;
1 Cor 11:28 Examine yourselves, and only then eat of the bread and drink of the cup.
1 Cor 11:31 But if we judged ourselves, we would not be judged.
2 Cor 5:11 Therefore, knowing the fear of the Lord, we try to persuade others; but we ourselves are well known to God, and I hope that we are also well known to your consciences.
Jam 5:16 Therefore confess your sins to one another, and pray for one another, so that you may be healed. The prayer of the righteous is powerful and effective.
1 John 1:9 If we confess our sins, he who is faithful and just will forgive us our sins and cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
1 Cor 11:32 But when we are judged by the Lord, we are disciplined so that we may not be condemned along with the world.
2 Tim 1:18 --may the Lord grant that he will find mercy from the Lord on that day! And you know very well how much service he rendered in Ephesus.
Heb 10:27 but a fearful prospect of judgment, and a fury of fire that will consume the adversaries.
2 Pet 3:10 But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, and then the heavens will pass away with a loud noise, and the elements will be dissolved with fire, and the earth and everything that is done on it will be disclosed.
1 John 3:21 Beloved, if our hearts do not condemn us, we have boldness before God;
Rev 6:15-17 Then the kings of the earth and the magnates and the generals and the rich and the powerful, and everyone, slave and free, hid in the caves and among the rocks of the mountains, calling to the mountains and rocks, "Fall on us and hide us from the face of the one seated on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb; for the great day of their wrath has come, and who is able to stand?"
Rev 21:8 But as for the cowardly, the faithless, the polluted, the murderers, the fornicators, the sorcerers, the idolaters, and all liars, their place will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur, which is the second death."

The Examination

The examination of the sick. And now, being in hopes that his mind is composed, the Minister proceeds to give him such advice as is proper for one that is preparing for death. And since at his Baptism he made a solemn vow to God, which he promised to keep all the days of his life; it is fit he should examine, now the end of his life may probably draw near, how he has performed and discharged that promise.

The Articles of Faith

Then shall the Priest examine the sick person concerning his Faith whether it be Christian. And this is very necessary, for if that be wrong, all is wrong. Christian Religion consists in these two, a right Faith and a righteous Life; and as a right Faith without a righteous Life, will not save, so neither will a righteous Life, without a right belief. He that hath said, Do this and live, hath said, Believe and live: and how then can we think him safe, that lives indeed justly, but blasphemes impiously? Cyril. Cat. 4. This then is a principal Interrogatory or question to be put to the sick person, whether he believes as a Christian ought to do? And this he does by rehearsing to him the CREED. And there can be no better rule to try it by. For whatsoever was prefigured in the Patriarchs, or taught in the Scriptures, or foretold by the Prophets, concerning God the Father; Son, and holy Ghost, is all briefly contain'd in the Apostles Creed. S. Aug. Ser. de Temp. 137. This Creed, 'tis the touchstone to try true faith from false, the rule of faith, contrary to which no man may teach or believe, Ruffin. in Symb. Tertul. de praescrip. This the Catholick Church received from the Apostles. Holding this rule, we shall be able to convince all Hereticks whatsoever; that they be departed from the truth, Irenaeus, l. 1. c. 3, & 19.

P. Then the minister shall rehearse the articles of his faith.] It is an excellent saying of St, Augustine, male vivitur, si de Deo non bene creditur ; “we live ill” (yea and die so too) “if of God we believe amiss.” Against male-fidians, as well as against nulli-fidians, and soli-fidians, heaven’s gates are certainly kept close barred. A most sad speculation it is to cast a reflex upon many myriads of men, in their exterior morals very splendid, which pass away into eternity, and miscarry for default of a true belief in the main fundamentals of their salvation.

And because one part of his vow was, to believe all the Articles of the Christian faith, therefore the Priest particularly inquires into the sick man’s belief. For to doubt of or deny any of these articles, is declared to be a dangerous and damnable state. It is to forsake the faith into which he was baptized: and what else is this but to cut himself off from all the privileges and advantages to which his baptism entitled him? For which reason it is necessary that our brother should shew that he has kept this faith entire, that so we may be satisfied that he dies a sound member of the Catholic Church, out of which no salvation can ordinarily be obtained.

Ps 139:23-24 Search me, O God, and know my heart; test me and know my thoughts. See if there is any wicked way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting.
Is 8:20 for teaching and for instruction?" surely, those who speak like this will have no dawn!
2 Cor 13:5 Examine yourselves to see whether you are living in the faith. Test yourselves. Do you not realize that Jesus Christ is in you?--unless, indeed, you fail to meet the test!
Rev 3:3 Remember then what you received and heard; obey it, and repent. If you do not wake up, I will come like a thief, and you will not know at what hour I will come to you.

The Apostles' Creed

Here the Minister shall rehearse the Articles of the Faith, saying thus,

Deut 4:35 To you it was shown so that you would acknowledge that the Lord is God; there is no other besides him.
2 Chron 20:20 They rose early in the morning and went out into the wilderness of Tekoa; and as they went out, Jehoshaphat stood and said, "Listen to me, O Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem! Believe in the Lord your God and you will be established; believe his prophets."
John 4:24 God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth."
1 Cor 8:4 Hence, as to the eating of food offered to idols, we know that "no idol in the world really exists," and that "there is no God but one."
1 Thess 1:9 For the people of those regions report about us what kind of welcome we had among you, and how you turned to God from idols, to serve a living and true God,
Heb 11:6 And without faith it is impossible to please God, for whoever would approach him must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who seek him.
Gen 15:6 And he believed the Lord; and the Lord reckoned it to him as righteousness.
Is 43:10 You are my witnesses, says the Lord, and my servant whom I have chosen, so that you may know and believe me and understand that I am he. Before me no god was formed, nor shall there be any after me.
Acts 14:17 yet he has not left himself without a witness in doing good--giving you rains from heaven and fruitful seasons, and filling you with food and your hearts with joy."
Rom 1:19-20 For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. Ever since the creation of the world his eternal power and divine nature, invisible though they are, have been understood and seen through the things he has made. So they are without excuse;
Jer 32:17-18 Ah Lord God! It is you who made the heavens and the earth by your great power and by your outstretched arm! Nothing is too hard for you. You show steadfast love to the thousandth generation, but repay the guilt of parents into the laps of their children after them, O great and mighty God whose name is the Lord of hosts,
Jer 32:27 See, I am the Lord, the God of all flesh; is anything too hard for me?
Mal 2:10 Have we not all one father? Has not one God created us? Why then are we faithless to one another, profaning the covenant of our ancestors?
Matt 19:26 But Jesus looked at them and said, "For mortals it is impossible, but for God all things are possible."
John 10:29 What my Father has given me is greater than all else, and no one can snatch it out of the Father's hand.
1 Cor 8:6 yet for us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things and for whom we exist, and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we exist.
Rev 19:6 Then I heard what seemed to be the voice of a great multitude, like the sound of many waters and like the sound of mighty thunderpeals, crying out, "Hallelujah! For the Lord our God the Almighty reigns.
Gen 17:1 When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to Abram, and said to him, "I am God Almighty; walk before me, and be blameless.
Gen 18:14 Is anything too wonderful for the Lord? At the set time I will return to you, in due season, and Sarah shall have a son."
Gen 35:11 God said to him, "I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall come from you, and kings shall spring from you.
Gen 1:1 In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth,
Ex 20:11 For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but rested the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and consecrated it.
Ps 102:25 Long ago you laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands.
Is 45:18 For thus says the Lord, who created the heavens (he is God!), who formed the earth and made it (he established it; he did not create it a chaos, he formed it to be inhabited!): I am the Lord, and there is no other.
Is 48:12-13 Listen to me, O Jacob, and Israel, whom I called: I am He; I am the first, and I am the last. My hand laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand spread out the heavens; when I summon them, they stand at attention.
Mal 2:10 Have we not all one father? Has not one God created us? Why then are we faithless to one another, profaning the covenant of our ancestors?
Ps 33:6-9 By the word of the Lord the heavens were made, and all their host by the breath of his mouth. He gathered the waters of the sea as in a bottle; he put the deeps in storehouses. Let all the earth fear the Lord; let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him. For he spoke, and it came to be; he commanded, and it stood firm.
Ps 104:24 O Lord, how manifold are your works! In wisdom you have made them all; the earth is full of your creatures.
Ps 148:4-5 Praise him, you highest heavens, and you waters above the heavens! Let them praise the name of the Lord, for he commanded and they were created.
Is 64:8 Yet, O Lord, you are our Father; we are the clay, and you are our potter; we are all the work of your hand.
Acts 4:24 When they heard it, they raised their voices together to God and said, "Sovereign Lord, who made the heaven and the earth, the sea, and everything in them,
Matt. 1:21 She will bear a son, and you are to name him Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.’
Luke 2:11 to you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is the Messiah, the Lord.
John 3:18 Those who believe in him are not condemned; but those who do not believe are condemned already, because they have not believed in the name of the only Son of God.
John 6:29 Jesus answered them, ‘This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he has sent.’
John 6:67-69 So Jesus asked the twelve, ‘Do you also wish to go away?’ Simon Peter answered him, ‘Lord, to whom can we go? You have the words of eternal life. We have come to believe and know that you are the Holy One of God.’
John 13:13 You call me Teacher and Lord—and you are right, for that is what I am.
John 14:1 ‘Do not let your hearts be troubled. Believe in God, believe also in me.
John 20:31 But these are written so that you may come to believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that through believing you may have life in his name.
1 John 4:9 God’s love was revealed among us in this way: God sent his only Son into the world so that we might live through him.
Gen. 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until tribute comes to him; and the obedience of the peoples is his.
Ps. 2:7 I will tell of the decree of the Lord: He said to me, ‘You are my son; today I have begotten you.
Luke 1:31, 35 And now, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you will name him Jesus. The angel said to her, ‘The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be holy; he will be called Son of God.
John 1:18 No one has ever seen God. It is God the only Son, who is close to the Father’s heart, who has made him known.
2 Cor. 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and the God of all consolation,
1 Tim. 1:15 The saying is sure and worthy of full acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners—of whom I am the foremost.
Heb. 2:14 Since, therefore, the children share flesh and blood, he himself likewise shared the same things, so that through death he might destroy the one who has the power of death, that is, the devil,
1 Pet. 1:20 He was destined before the foundation of the world, but was revealed at the end of the ages for your sake.
Is 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign. Look, the young woman is with child and shall bear a son, and shall name him Immanuel.
Matt 1:20 But just when he had resolved to do this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, "Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for the child conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.
Matt 1:22-25 All this took place to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet: "Look, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall name him Emmanuel," which means, "God is with us." When Joseph awoke from sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord commanded him; he took her as his wife, but had no marital relations with her until she had borne a son; and he named him Jesus.
Luke 1:26-35 In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin's name was Mary. And he came to her and said, "Greetings, favored one! The Lord is with you." But she was much perplexed by his words and pondered what sort of greeting this might be. The angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And now, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you will name him Jesus. He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High, and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his ancestor David. He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end." Mary said to the angel, "How can this be, since I am a virgin?" The angel said to her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be holy; he will be called Son of God.
Is 9:6 For a child has been born for us, a son given to us; authority rests upon his shoulders; and he is named Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Luke 2:7 And she gave birth to her firstborn son and wrapped him in bands of cloth, and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them in the inn.
Luke 2:21 After eight days had passed, it was time to circumcise the child; and he was called Jesus, the name given by the angel before he was conceived in the womb.
Gal 4:4 But when the fullness of time had come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law,
Phil 2:7 but emptied himself, taking the form of a slave, being born in human likeness. And being found in human form,
Heb 2:17 Therefore he had to become like his brothers and sisters in every respect, so that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make a sacrifice of atonement for the sins of the people.
Matt 12:40 For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster, so for three days and three nights the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth.
Matt 26:38 Then he said to them, "I am deeply grieved, even to death; remain here, and stay awake with me."
Matt 27:1-2 When morning came, all the chief priests and the elders of the people conferred together against Jesus in order to bring about his death. They bound him, led him away, and handed him over to Pilate the governor.
Matt 27:26-31 So he released Barabbas for them; and after flogging Jesus, he handed him over to be crucified. Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the governor's headquarters, and they gathered the whole cohort around him. They stripped him and put a scarlet robe on him, and after twisting some thorns into a crown, they put it on his head. They put a reed in his right hand and knelt before him and mocked him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!" They spat on him, and took the reed and struck him on the head. After mocking him, they stripped him of the robe and put his own clothes on him. Then they led him away to crucify him.
Matt 27:50 Then Jesus cried again with a loud voice and breathed his last.
Matt 27:59-60 So Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn in the rock. He then rolled a great stone to the door of the tomb and went away.
Mark 9:12 He said to them, "Elijah is indeed coming first to restore all things. How then is it written about the Son of Man, that he is to go through many sufferings and be treated with contempt?
Luke 22:44 In his anguish he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat became like great drops of blood falling down on the ground.]]
1 Pet 4:1 Since therefore Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same intention (for whoever has suffered in the flesh has finished with sin),
Dan 9:26 After the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off and shall have nothing, and the troops of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. Its end shall come with a flood, and to the end there shall be war. Desolations are decreed.
Mark 14:21 For the Son of Man goes as it is written of him, but woe to that one by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for that one not to have been born."
Luke 23:46 Then Jesus, crying with a loud voice, said, "Father, into your hands I commend my spirit." Having said this, he breathed his last.
John 19:30 When Jesus had received the wine, he said, "It is finished." Then he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.
Acts 26:23 that the Messiah must suffer, and that, by being the first to rise from the dead, he would proclaim light both to our people and to the Gentiles."
Ps 16:10 For you do not give me up to Sheol, or let your faithful one see the Pit.
Is 5:14 Therefore Sheol has enlarged its appetite and opened its mouth beyond measure; the nobility of Jerusalem and her multitude go down, her throng and all who exult in her.
Acts 2:24 But God raised him up, having freed him from death, because it was impossible for him to be held in its power.
Acts 2:27 For you will not abandon my soul to Hades, or let your Holy One experience corruption.
Rom 4:24-25 but for ours also. It will be reckoned to us who believe in him who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead, who was handed over to death for our trespasses and was raised for our justification.
1 Cor 15:4 and that he was buried, and that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the scriptures,
Eph 4:9 (When it says, "He ascended," what does it mean but that he had also descended into the lower parts of the earth?
Matt 28:1 After the sabbath, as the first day of the week was dawning, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to see the tomb.
Luke 23:43 He replied, "Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise."
Luke 24:39 Look at my hands and my feet; see that it is I myself. Touch me and see; for a ghost does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have."
John 20:20 After he said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then the disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord.
John 20:27 Then he said to Thomas, "Put your finger here and see my hands. Reach out your hand and put it in my side. Do not doubt but believe."
Mark 16:19 So then the Lord Jesus, after he had spoken to them, was taken up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God.
Luke 24:51 While he was blessing them, he withdrew from them and was carried up into heaven.
Acts 1:9 When he had said this, as they were watching, he was lifted up, and a cloud took him out of their sight.
Acts 7:56 "Look," he said, "I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God!"
Eph 4:10 He who descended is the same one who ascended far above all the heavens, so that he might fill all things.)
Heb 6:20 where Jesus, a forerunner on our behalf, has entered, having become a high priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.
Heb 10:12 But when Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, "he sat down at the right hand of God,"
1 Pet 3:21-22 And baptism, which this prefigured, now saves you--not as a removal of dirt from the body, but as an appeal to God for a good conscience, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, with angels, authorities, and powers made subject to him.
Ps 68:18 You ascended the high mount, leading captives in your train and receiving gifts from people, even from those who rebel against the Lord God's abiding there.
John 6:62 Then what if you were to see the Son of Man ascending to where he was before?
John 20:17 Jesus said to her, "Do not hold on to me, because I have not yet ascended to the Father. But go to my brothers and say to them, 'I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.'"
Matt 25:31-46 "When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on the throne of his glory. All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats, and he will put the sheep at his right hand and the goats at the left. Then the king will say to those at his right hand, 'Come, you that are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world; for I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you welcomed me, I was naked and you gave me clothing, I was sick and you took care of me, I was in prison and you visited me.' Then the righteous will answer him, 'Lord, when was it that we saw you hungry and gave you food, or thirsty and gave you something to drink? And when was it that we saw you a stranger and welcomed you, or naked and gave you clothing? And when was it that we saw you sick or in prison and visited you?' And the king will answer them, 'Truly I tell you, just as you did it to one of the least of these who are members of my family, you did it to me.' Then he will say to those at his left hand, 'You that are accursed, depart from me into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels; for I was hungry and you gave me no food, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink, I was a stranger and you did not welcome me, naked and you did not give me clothing, sick and in prison and you did not visit me.' Then they also will answer, 'Lord, when was it that we saw you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison, and did not take care of you?' Then he will answer them, 'Truly I tell you, just as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to me.' And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life."
John 5:22 The Father judges no one but has given all judgment to the Son,
John 5:27 and he has given him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of Man.
Acts 10:42 He commanded us to preach to the people and to testify that he is the one ordained by God as judge of the living and the dead.
1 Thess 4:16-17 For the Lord himself, with a cry of command, with the archangel's call and with the sound of God's trumpet, will descend from heaven, and the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up in the clouds together with them to meet the Lord in the air; and so we will be with the Lord forever.
2 Tim 4:1 In the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and in view of his appearing and his kingdom, I solemnly urge you:
Ps 96:13 before the Lord; for he is coming, for he is coming to judge the earth. He will judge the world with righteousness, and the peoples with his truth.
Ps 98:9 at the presence of the Lord, for he is coming to judge the earth. He will judge the world with righteousness, and the peoples with equity.
Matt 24:30-31 Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see 'the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven' with power and great glory. And he will send out his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.
Rom 14:9 For to this end Christ died and lived again, so that he might be Lord of both the dead and the living.
1 Cor 15:51 Listen, I will tell you a mystery! We will not all die, but we will all be changed,
Jude 14-15 It was also about these that Enoch, in the seventh generation from Adam, prophesied, saying, "See, the Lord is coming with ten thousands of his holy ones, to execute judgment on all, and to convict everyone of all the deeds of ungodliness that they have committed in such an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things that ungodly sinners have spoken against him."
Matt 25:31-46 "When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on the throne of his glory. All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats, and he will put the sheep at his right hand and the goats at the left. Then the king will say to those at his right hand, 'Come, you that are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world; for I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you welcomed me, I was naked and you gave me clothing, I was sick and you took care of me, I was in prison and you visited me.' Then the righteous will answer him, 'Lord, when was it that we saw you hungry and gave you food, or thirsty and gave you something to drink? And when was it that we saw you a stranger and welcomed you, or naked and gave you clothing? And when was it that we saw you sick or in prison and visited you?' And the king will answer them, 'Truly I tell you, just as you did it to one of the least of these who are members of my family, you did it to me.' Then he will say to those at his left hand, 'You that are accursed, depart from me into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels; for I was hungry and you gave me no food, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink, I was a stranger and you did not welcome me, naked and you did not give me clothing, sick and in prison and you did not visit me.' Then they also will answer, 'Lord, when was it that we saw you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison, and did not take care of you?' Then he will answer them, 'Truly I tell you, just as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to me.' And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life."
John 5:22 The Father judges no one but has given all judgment to the Son,
John 5:27 and he has given him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of Man.
Acts 10:42 He commanded us to preach to the people and to testify that he is the one ordained by God as judge of the living and the dead.
1 Thess 4:16-17 For the Lord himself, with a cry of command, with the archangel's call and with the sound of God's trumpet, will descend from heaven, and the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up in the clouds together with them to meet the Lord in the air; and so we will be with the Lord forever.
2 Tim 4:1 In the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and in view of his appearing and his kingdom, I solemnly urge you:
Ps 96:13 before the Lord; for he is coming, for he is coming to judge the earth. He will judge the world with righteousness, and the peoples with his truth.
Ps 98:9 at the presence of the Lord, for he is coming to judge the earth. He will judge the world with righteousness, and the peoples with equity.
Matt 24:30-31 Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see 'the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven' with power and great glory. And he will send out his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.
Rom 14:9 For to this end Christ died and lived again, so that he might be Lord of both the dead and the living.
1 Cor 15:51 Listen, I will tell you a mystery! We will not all die, but we will all be changed,
Jude 14-15 It was also about these that Enoch, in the seventh generation from Adam, prophesied, saying, "See, the Lord is coming with ten thousands of his holy ones, to execute judgment on all, and to convict everyone of all the deeds of ungodliness that they have committed in such an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things that ungodly sinners have spoken against him."
Matt 13:24-30 He put before them another parable: "The kingdom of heaven may be compared to someone who sowed good seed in his field; but while everybody was asleep, an enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and then went away. So when the plants came up and bore grain, then the weeds appeared as well. And the slaves of the householder came and said to him, 'Master, did you not sow good seed in your field? Where, then, did these weeds come from?' He answered, 'An enemy has done this.' The slaves said to him, 'Then do you want us to go and gather them?' But he replied, 'No; for in gathering the weeds you would uproot the wheat along with them. Let both of them grow together until the harvest; and at harvest time I will tell the reapers, Collect the weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but gather the wheat into my barn.'"
Matt 13:47-48 "Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was thrown into the sea and caught fish of every kind; when it was full, they drew it ashore, sat down, and put the good into baskets but threw out the bad.
Matt 16:18 And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it.
Matt 22:9-10 Go therefore into the main streets, and invite everyone you find to the wedding banquet.' Those slaves went out into the streets and gathered all whom they found, both good and bad; so the wedding hall was filled with guests.
John 10:16 I have other sheep that do not belong to this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd.
John 17:20-21 "I ask not only on behalf of these, but also on behalf of those who will believe in me through their word, that they may all be one. As you, Father, are in me and I am in you, may they also be in us, so that the world may believe that you have sent me.
1 Cor 10:17 Because there is one bread, we who are many are one body, for we all partake of the one bread.
1 Cor 12:12 For just as the body is one and has many members, and all the members of the body, though many, are one body, so it is with Christ.
Eph 2:19-22 So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are citizens with the saints and also members of the household of God, built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus himself as the cornerstone. In him the whole structure is joined together and grows into a holy temple in the Lord; in whom you also are built together spiritually into a dwelling place for God.
Eph 5:25-27 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her, in order to make her holy by cleansing her with the washing of water by the word, so as to present the church to himself in splendor, without a spot or wrinkle or anything of the kind--yes, so that she may be holy and without blemish.
Col 1:18 He is the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, so that he might come to have first place in everything.
2 Tim 1:9 who saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works but according to his own purpose and grace. This grace was given to us in Christ Jesus before the ages began,
Heb 11:40 since God had provided something better so that they would not, apart from us, be made perfect.
Heb 12:22-23 But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering, and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God the judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect,
Rev 5:9 They sing a new song: "You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, for you were slaughtered and by your blood you ransomed for God saints from every tribe and language and people and nation;
Acts 7:38 He is the one who was in the congregation in the wilderness with the angel who spoke to him at Mount Sinai, and with our ancestors; and he received living oracles to give to us.
1 Cor 15:9 For I am the least of the apostles, unfit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.
Eph 1:22-23 And he has put all things under his feet and has made him the head over all things for the church, which is his body, the fullness of him who fills all in all.
Matt 13:24-30 He put before them another parable: "The kingdom of heaven may be compared to someone who sowed good seed in his field; but while everybody was asleep, an enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and then went away. So when the plants came up and bore grain, then the weeds appeared as well. And the slaves of the householder came and said to him, 'Master, did you not sow good seed in your field? Where, then, did these weeds come from?' He answered, 'An enemy has done this.' The slaves said to him, 'Then do you want us to go and gather them?' But he replied, 'No; for in gathering the weeds you would uproot the wheat along with them. Let both of them grow together until the harvest; and at harvest time I will tell the reapers, Collect the weeds first and bind them in bundles to be burned, but gather the wheat into my barn.'"
Matt 13:47-48 "Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was thrown into the sea and caught fish of every kind; when it was full, they drew it ashore, sat down, and put the good into baskets but threw out the bad.
Matt 16:18 And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it.
Matt 22:9-10 Go therefore into the main streets, and invite everyone you find to the wedding banquet.' Those slaves went out into the streets and gathered all whom they found, both good and bad; so the wedding hall was filled with guests.
John 10:16 I have other sheep that do not belong to this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd.
John 17:20-21 "I ask not only on behalf of these, but also on behalf of those who will believe in me through their word, that they may all be one. As you, Father, are in me and I am in you, may they also be in us, so that the world may believe that you have sent me.
1 Cor 10:17 Because there is one bread, we who are many are one body, for we all partake of the one bread.
1 Cor 12:12 For just as the body is one and has many members, and all the members of the body, though many, are one body, so it is with Christ.
Eph 2:19-22 So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are citizens with the saints and also members of the household of God, built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus himself as the cornerstone. In him the whole structure is joined together and grows into a holy temple in the Lord; in whom you also are built together spiritually into a dwelling place for God.
Eph 5:25-27 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her, in order to make her holy by cleansing her with the washing of water by the word, so as to present the church to himself in splendor, without a spot or wrinkle or anything of the kind--yes, so that she may be holy and without blemish.
Col 1:18 He is the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, so that he might come to have first place in everything.
2 Tim 1:9 who saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works but according to his own purpose and grace. This grace was given to us in Christ Jesus before the ages began,
Heb 11:40 since God had provided something better so that they would not, apart from us, be made perfect.
Heb 12:22-23 But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering, and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God the judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect,
Rev 5:9 They sing a new song: "You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, for you were slaughtered and by your blood you ransomed for God saints from every tribe and language and people and nation;
Acts 7:38 He is the one who was in the congregation in the wilderness with the angel who spoke to him at Mount Sinai, and with our ancestors; and he received living oracles to give to us.
1 Cor 15:9 For I am the least of the apostles, unfit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.
Eph 1:22-23 And he has put all things under his feet and has made him the head over all things for the church, which is his body, the fullness of him who fills all in all.
Ps 130:4 But there is forgiveness with you, so that you may be revered.
Luke 24:47 and that repentance and forgiveness of sins is to be proclaimed in his name to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem.
Acts 13:38 Let it be known to you therefore, my brothers, that through this man forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you;
Rom 4:7-8 "Blessed are those whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered; blessed is the one against whom the Lord will not reckon sin."
Eph 1:7 In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace
Heb 9:22 Indeed, under the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins.
1 John 2:1-2 My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous; and he is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the sins of the whole world.
Jer 31:34 No longer shall they teach one another, or say to each other, "Know the Lord," for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, says the Lord; for I will forgive their iniquity, and remember their sin no more.
Luke 6:37 "Do not judge, and you will not be judged; do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven;
2 Cor 5:19 that is, in Christ God was reconciling the world to himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and entrusting the message of reconciliation to us.
Heb 10:12 But when Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, "he sat down at the right hand of God,"
Jam 5:15 The prayer of faith will save the sick, and the Lord will raise them up; and anyone who has committed sins will be forgiven.
1 John 3:4 Everyone who commits sin is guilty of lawlessness; sin is lawlessness.
Is 26:19 Your dead shall live, their corpses shall rise. O dwellers in the dust, awake and sing for joy! For your dew is a radiant dew, and the earth will give birth to those long dead.
John 5:28-29 Do not be astonished at this; for the hour is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice and will come out--those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation.
Rom 8:23 and not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the first fruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly while we wait for adoption, the redemption of our bodies.
1 Cor 15:22 for as all die in Adam, so all will be made alive in Christ.
1 Cor 15:52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.
Rev 20:12-13 And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Also another book was opened, the book of life. And the dead were judged according to their works, as recorded in the books. And the sea gave up the dead that were in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and all were judged according to what they had done.
Dan 12:2 Many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.
Matt 22:32 'I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'? He is God not of the dead, but of the living."
Rom 8:11 If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised Christ from the dead will give life to your mortal bodies also through his Spirit that dwells in you.
1 Thess 4:17 Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up in the clouds together with them to meet the Lord in the air; and so we will be with the Lord forever.
Is 26:19 Your dead shall live, their corpses shall rise. O dwellers in the dust, awake and sing for joy! For your dew is a radiant dew, and the earth will give birth to those long dead.
John 5:28-29 Do not be astonished at this; for the hour is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice and will come out--those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation.
Rom 8:23 and not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the first fruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly while we wait for adoption, the redemption of our bodies.
1 Cor 15:22 for as all die in Adam, so all will be made alive in Christ.
1 Cor 15:52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.
Rev 20:12-13 And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Also another book was opened, the book of life. And the dead were judged according to their works, as recorded in the books. And the sea gave up the dead that were in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and all were judged according to what they had done.
Dan 12:2 Many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.
Matt 22:32 'I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'? He is God not of the dead, but of the living."
Rom 8:11 If the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised Christ from the dead will give life to your mortal bodies also through his Spirit that dwells in you.
1 Thess 4:17 Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up in the clouds together with them to meet the Lord in the air; and so we will be with the Lord forever.

The sick person shall answer, "All this I stedfastly believe."

The Continued Examination

In the next place holy Church directs the Priest to examine the sick person concerning his life and conversation; especially concerning these two particulars. 1. Whether he forgives all the World. 2. Whether he hath satisfied all injuries done to others: without which the medicine of repentance, which is necessary to the sick persons salvation, will not profit him. For the first, our Saviour tells S. Matth. 6. 14. That unless we forgive others neither our persons nor our Prayers will be accepted: God will not forgive us. And for the second, Non remittetur peccatum nisi restituatur ablatum, Repentance without restitution and reparation of injuries cannot be true and serious; or if it can, it cannot profit, Aug. ep. 5. For if he that is injured by another cannot be forgiven of God, unless he forgives him that injured him; how can he that injures others, and does not make him restitution, hope for pardon? Chrysost. Hom. 15. in S. Matth. The Priest therefore is to advise him, that whereinsoever he hath injured any, he should make satisfaction to the uttermost of his power. By the uttermost of his power, is not meant that he must give to the injured persons all his estate, nor that he must restore four-fold, for injuries done, (which was required in some cases under Moses Law, by way of punishment, rather than of satisfaction) but that he be careful to the uttermost of his power, that the person injured be so repair'd, that hebe no loser by him; which is all, that by the law of justice, which commands to give every man their due, is required, Ezek. 33. 14, 15. When I say to the wicked, he shall surely die: if he turn from his sin, if he restore the pledge, give again that he hath robbed, it is not, it he restore four-fold, but if he restore that which he hath robbed, he shall surely live.

Then the Priest is to admonish the sick person to settle his estate, For the discharging of his own conscience, and quietness of his Executors. But holy Church exhorts men to do this work in their health, that when they are sick, they may not be troubled about the world, but may bestow their whole time and care, as it is fit, about setling and securing their future estate. And were men possest with that fear and trembling, that S. Paul speaks of, Phil. 2. 12. they would be careful to gain all the time that might be then, to work out their salvation.

The Minister may not forget to move the sick person, and that most earnestly, to liberality towards the poor. This is to have mercy upon our own souls, saies S. Aug. or Christum scribere haeredem, [to make Christ our heir.] For when the poor receives from us, Christ stands by and reaches out his hand to receive with them. In as much as ye have done it to one of these little ones, ye have done it to me. S. Mat. 25. 40. As it is always necessary to be put in mind of this duty, so especially, at this time of sickness. For then we are failing, and therefore most necessary it is then, to make friends of the unrighteous Mammon, that, when we fail, they may receive us into everlasting habitations, S. Luke 16. 9. Then we are going to give up our account to God, and therefore then most necessary it is to do the best we can to procure a gracious Absolution at the day of judgment. Now nothing seems more powerful with God to procure that, than liberality to the poor, Come ye blessed, for I was hungry, and ye gave me meat, S. Mat. 25. 34, 35.

Here shall the sick person make a special Confession, if he feel his conscience troubled with any weighty matter. It would be considered, whether every deadly sin be not a weighty matter?

Q. Whether he be in charity.] There is not any duty more enforced in the Gospel than that of brotherly reconciliation ; Christ’s aphorism enforceth it: “If you forgive not men their trespasses, no more will your heavenly Father forgive you your trespasses.” Where mercy and forgiveness are made the condition annexed to God’s pardoning our sins. Again, Christ, whose followers we must be, His practice enforceth it: “ Father, forgive them,” Luke xxiii. 34. So He to His very persecutors, and so Stephen, “ Lord, lay not this sin to their charge,” Acts vii. 60; what were His last and dying words should properly be ours. Lastly, the parable of that servus neguam, that unjust and implacable servant, enforceth it ; his doom it was, and will certainly be ours, to be delivered to the tormentors, the devil and his angels, unless we totally and cordially forgive all that have wronged us.

R. The minister may not forget, &c.] Charity stands upon two legs, forgiving, and giving: the Church having endeavoured by her minister to raise the first part of this grace in the sick persons, comes now to the second, “ shewing mercy and compassion to the poor.” This is called doing good, and they in whom this grace hath abounded, are said to be “ rich in good works,” 1 Tim. vi. 18. And the better to excite worldlings to it, it is called, “laying up in store.” If then our deeds of charity to the poor, are our good works, and good works are our only moveables, which shall follow us to another world, no time more seasonable for them than sickness, when we are packing up to be gone.

The discretional examination of the sick person. THE former Exhortation agrees to all sick persons in general, and is therefore prescribed in a set form. But since the cases and tempers of men in sickness are very different, the Church leaves it to the discretion of the Minister who visits, to assist and direct them in other matters, as he sees the particular case requires. She only prescribes the heads of Examination, and leaves the management and expression to the prudence of the Minister, since no form could possibly be contrived, that should suit all the variety of circumstances that happen.

§.1. 1. As to his repentance. The first direction given (which was added at the last review) is, that the Minister shall examine whether he repent him truly of his sins. For it is very certain that all have sinned, and consequently that all have need of repentance; and therefore before the Minister can give the sick man comfort upon any good grounds, it is fit that he should be satisfied of the truth of his repentance.

§.2. 2. As to his charity. In the next place he is to examine, Whether he be in charity with all the worlds exhorting him to forgive, from the bottom of his heart all persons that have offended him. For there is not any duty more enforced in the Gospel, than that of brotherly reconciliation, or forgiving of injuries, which even in the prayer that our Lord has taught us is made the condition of God’s forgiving us. The example therefore of our Lord and his first martyr St. Stephen, who prayed for their murderers, at the very instant of their death, should always be considered upon these occasions. Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do; and, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge, which were their dying words, should always be ours. For sure it is high time for men to forget their resentments against their neighbours, when they are just going to answer for their own misdoings: especially when we are taught so plainly by our Saviour, that unless we have compassion on our fellow-servants, our Lord will exact from us all that we owe to him, and will deliver us over to the tormentors till we shall have paid what is due.

But besides the sick person’s forgiving those that have offended him, if he has offended any other, he must ask them forgiveness; and where he hath done injury or wrong to any man, he must also make amends to the uttermost of his power. For he who refuses to do this is not a penitent for the injury he has done, but would certainly do more, if he had time and opportunity; and therefore he can expect nothing but condemnation from that Judge, who knows the tendency and temper of his mind. Our Lord, we know, did not receive Zacchæus into the number of his followers or disciples, till he had made profession of his willingness to restore: who then can expect to be received into his kingdom, that refuses so necessary a part of justice? Since therefore the sick person may now, for what he knows, be going to appear before the Judge of all the world, from whom he that doth wrong shall receive for the wrong which he hath done, without respect of persons; how much doth it concern him to agree with his adversary while he is yet in the way with him, lest afterwards the adversary deliver him to the judge, and the judge deliver him to the officer, and so he be cast into prison, from whence he shall by no means come out till he has paid the uttermost farthing. So necessary is it even for those who but suspect themselves of any wrongful deed, to judge and examine themselves with all possible strictness, and by public acknowledgments and tender of satisfaction to declare their unfeigned and hearty repentance.

§.3. He must be exhorted to settle his worldly affairs; After the exercise of these two branches of charity, should follow the third, viz. that of giving to the poor: but before the sick man be exhorted to this, it is necessary that he should know what is his own to give. For which reason, if he has not before disposed of his goods, he is then to be admonished to make his will, and to declare his debts, what he oweth and what is owing unto him, for the better discharging of his conscience, and the quietness of his executors. And though the making of a will be a secular matter, which does not relate to those spiritual concerns which the Minister comes to the sick man about; yet since the affairs of intestates are generally left in so confused a manner, that strifes and contests are often the result, it is very prudently enjoined by our Church, that the Minister should remind them of settling their affairs. Men indeed should often be put in remembrance, to take order for the settling of their temporal estates whilst they are in health: for no man is sure but that he may be taken off suddenly, without having time to perform it; or though he may be seized with a lingering disease, yet it may be such a one as may incapacitate him from doing it. Or supposing the best, that he may have timely notice or warning of his death, and his understanding hold good and perfect to the last; yet sure it must be a disturbance to a dying man, to have those moments taken up in ordering and disposing of his worldly affairs, which ought to be employed in preparing him for eternity. However, if our carelessness has deferred it till then, it must by no means be omitted now. We must not leave our friends and relations involved in endless suits and contentions; none of our family must be left unprovided for, through our neglect of assigning their portion; nor must our creditors be defrauded of their just demands, for want of our clearing or declaring our debts. If in any of these cases our last act be unjust, we leave a blot upon our name in this world, and can expect nothing but a sad doom in the next.

(But this may be done before the Minister begins his prayers.) For this reason the Church makes it a part of the Minister’s care. And by an ancient constitution made in the year 1236, people were forbid to make their Wills without the presence of the Parish-Priest, as they desired that their Wills might be fulfilled. However, if the Minister think this a matter of too secular a nature to be mingled with his discourses concerning his spiritual concerns, he is allowed to manage and despatch this first before he begins the holy office. For that is the intent of the following rubric, which allows, that the words before rehearsed maybe said before tlie Minister begin his prayer, as he shall see cause. Which, if compared with king Edward’s Common Prayer Books, plainly refers to the man’s disposal of his goods; against which part of the direction the contents of this rubric are printed in the margin.

§.4. And to be liberal to the poor. The man’s affairs being now settled, and his circumstances known, the Minister, in the next place, is not to omit earnestly to move him, if he be of ability, to be liberal to the poor. By the old canon law every one was obliged to leave such a proportion of his goods or estate to charitable uses, as he bequeathed to each of his children. This moiety, which belongeth to the Church, was laid up by the Bishop for the maintenance of the Clergy, the repair of the fabric, and the like. But we are only enjoined to put the rich in mind of the poor, that out of the abundance which they are going to leave, they should bestow some liberal largess on them. And indeed, of all our treasures, that alone which we thus dispose of is laid up in store for ourselves. Our good works are our only movables that shall follow us to the grave: and therefore there is no time more seasonable for them than sickness, when we are preparing to be gone.

§.5. The sick man to confess his sins. Besides the Examination and Exhortation above mentioned, the sick person is further to be moved to make a special confession of his sins, if he feel his conscience troubled with any weighty matters: i.e. I suppose, if he has committed any sin for which the censure of the Church ought to be inflicted, or else if he is perplexed concerning the nature, or some nice circumstances of his crime. It was upon the former of these cases, that private confession seems at first to have been appointed; for in the early ages of the Church, when the public humiliation of scandalous offenders was observed to be attended with some great advantages, many persons of zeal would not only rank themselves in the class of public penitents for sins done in secret, but would even solemnly confess before the congregation the particular crime, for which they desired to make satisfaction, by submitting to penance. Now though it was fit that what had been openly committed in the face of the world should be openly retracted, that so the scandal might be removed; yet it might often happen, that in the case of secret sins, it would be better that the particulars should be kept concealed.

The state of confession in the primitive Church. For this reason a Penitentiary, or Confessor, was early appointed in every diocese, to whom persons in doubt should resort, and consult with him, what on the one hand might be fit for publication, and what on the other would be better kept secret. So that though public penance was still generally assigned for grievous offences that were privately committed; yet the person that confessed did not always make a public declaration of the fact, for which they appeared in the rank of penitents. The congregation to be sure knew that something had been committed which deserved that correction: but what the thing was, they were no otherwise acquainted with, than as the Penitentiary should advise or forbid the discovery. This is the best conjecture we are able to make concerning the rise of the Penitentiary’s office; though we have some footsteps of private and secret confessions before we read of any stated confessor. For Origen, who lived at the beginning of the third century, speaks of private confessions as the received usage in his time, and only advises the choice of a person that was fit to be trusted. And St. Cyprian, that lived much about the same time, commends the zeal of those that laid open even their thoughts and intentions of offering sacrifice to idols (though they had not yet proceeded to the fact) with grief and sincerity before the Priest. And much the same advice is given by others, who mention private confession as a general and well-known practice, and only caution the penitents to choose such persons to consult with, as will be careful and tender of their reputation and safety. And it was an imprudent direction of the penitentiaries at Constantinople, for the public confession of a sin which had been better concealed, that caused Nectarius, who was then bishop of that city, to abolish the office, and to strike the name of Penitentiary out of the ecclesiastical roll. It appears indeed from St. Chrysostom, that the public discipline of the Church was the same after this accident as it was before: only the confession of secret sins, which gave no scandal, was left from that time to the discretion and conscience of those who had committed them; who should judge for themselves, whether they should resort to, or abstain from, the holy Communion. Not but that they were at liberty, after the abolishing of this office, as much as they were before, to use the advice of a ghostly counsellor, if they found themselves in want of it: but then there was no peculiar officer, whose distinct business it should be to receive such applications; but every one was left to choose a confessor for himself, in whom he might safely confide. And how far even this came to be afterwards abused, is too well known to need any proof: but no argument sure can be drawn, that because a practice has been abused, it should therefore cease to be used. The abuses of it should be reformed, but not the practice discontinued.

How far enjoined by the Church of England. And therefore the Church of England at the Reformation, in the particular now before us, freed it from all the encroachments with which the Church of Rome had embarrassed it, and reduced confession to its primitive plan. She neither calls it a sacrament, nor requires it to be used as universally necessary: but because it is requisite that no man should come to the holy Communion, but with a full trust in God’s mercy, and with a quiet conscience; she therefore advises, that if there be any who is not able to quiet his own conscience, but requireth further comfort or counsel, he should come to his own, or some other discreet and learned Minister of God’s word, and open his grief, that, by the ministry of God’s holy word, he may receive the benefit of absolution, together with ghostly counsel and advice, to the quieting of his conscience, and avoiding of all scruple and doubtfulness. Here we see there is nothing arbitrarily prescribed, but every one is left to his own discretion: all that was absolutely enjoined, was only a mutual forbearance and peace; for the security of which a clause was added in the first book of king Edward, requiring such as shall be satisfied with a general confession, not to be offended with them that do use, to their further satisfying, the auricular and secret confession to the Priest: nor those also which think needful and convenient, for the quietness of their own consciences, particularly to open their sins to the Priest, to be offended with them that are satisfied with their humble confessions to God, and the general confession to the Church, But in all things to follow and keep the rule of charity, and every man to be satisfied with his own conscience, not judging other men’s minds or consciences; whereas he hath no warrant of God’s word to the same. What could have been added more judiciously than this, to temper, on the one hand, the rigours of those who were too apt at that time to insist upon confession as always absolutely necessary to salvation; and to prevent, on the other hand, a carelessness in those who, being prejudiced against the abuse, were apt indiscriminately to reject the thing, as at no time needful or useful to a penitent? So that we may still, I presume, wish, very consistently with the determination of our Church, that our people would apply themselves, oftener than they do, to their spiritual physicians, even in the time of their health; since it is much to be feared, they are wounded oftener than they complain, and yet, through aversion to disclosing their sore, suffer it to gangrene, for want of their help who should work the cure.

The benefits and advantages of it. But present ease is not the only benefit the penitent may expect from his confessor’s aid: he will be better assisted in the regulation of his life; and when his last conflict shall make its approach, the holy man, being no stranger to the state of his soul, will be better prepared to guide and conduct it through all difficulties that may oppose. However, if we have neglected to communicate our doubts and scruples in our health, we have more need of following the Apostle’s advice when we are sick, viz. to call for the elders of the Church, and to confess our fautu in order to engage their fervent prayers. For this reason, though our Church leaves it in a manner to every one’s discretion, in the time of health, whether they will be satisfied with a general confession to God and the Church; yet when they are sick, she thinks it proper that they be MOVED to make a special confession of their sins to the Priest, if they feel their consciences troubled with any weighty matter. For how will he be able to satisfy their doubts, if he be not let into the particulars of their case? Or with what assurance can he absolve them, or admit them to the peace and communion of the Church, before he is apprized how far they have deserved its censure and bonds? If then they are desirous of the following consolations which the Church has provided for their quiet and ease, it is fit they should first declare and make known what burden it is, from which they want to be freed. How far the Church can assist or relieve them, or what consolations they are which she administers, the Absolution here prescribed will lead us to consider; which, with the Collect that follows, shall make the subject of the next section.

Then shall the Minister examine whether he repent him truly of his sins, and be in charity with all the world; exhorting him to forgive, from the bottom of his heart, all persons that have offended him; and if he hath offended any other, to ask them forgiveness; and where he hath done injury or wrong to any man, that he make amends to the uttermost of his power. And if he have not before disposed of his goods, let him then be admonished to make his Will, and to declare his debts, what he oweth, and what is owing unto him; for the better discharging of his conscience, and the quietness of his Executors. But men should often be put in remembrance to take order for the settling of their temporal estates, whilst they are in health.

These words before rehearsed may be said before the Minister begin his Prayer, as he shall see cause.

The Minister should not omit earnestly to move such sick persons as are of ability to be liberal to the poor.

The Absolution

After which Confession the Priest shall absolve him. After which, follows a most excellent prayer or two, and the 71. Psalm, all very fit to a sick persons condition; as will appear without an Interpreter, to the attentive Reader.

S. Confession and absolution.] Here the Church approveth of, though she doth not command, auricular confession. Many times poor souls lie labouring under the pangs of a horrid reflex upon the number or greatness of their sins, and the dreadful wrath of God deservedly expected for them. In this case, no remedy comparable to an humble and sincere confession at large, common to all, and sometimes restrained to some one particular predominant sin, of whose pressure he finds the greatest weight: upon which confession, mixed with a vehement and earnest plying the throne of God for mercy, it becomes the minister instantly to interpose, to lay before him the inexhaustible treasure of God’s infinite mercies, to assure him of his interest therein, and, upon the hypothesis of his contrition to be serious and unfeigned, to give him absolution. Not that at the moment of such absolution, and not before, the sinner’s pardon is sealed in heaven, which is done at the very first minute of his repentance, if to the great critic of hearts, as He calls Himself, the all-seeing God, it appeareth cordial: but that that pardon be evidenced to him, and manifested by unspeakable comforts, usually flowing into a disconsolate soul upon the pronouncing of such absolution, God thereby countenancing and giving reputation both to His word and ministry.

But there being two absolutions mentioned in the former offices, one at morning prayer, and the other in the Communion service, it may be demanded, why only this is in the first person, “I absolve thee. The answer is, there are three opinions concerning absolution. The first, entertained by a few, conceive it optative, precarious, or by petition only, as praying for the pardon of the sins of the penitent. The second think it declaratory only, that is, pronouncing the penitent absolved, by applying God’s promises to the signs of his contrition. Lastly, some contend that it is authoritative, as deriving power and commission from God, not to declare the party absolved, but for the priest to do it in words denoting the first person. All these three opinions our Church seemeth in part to favour; the first under these words, “ Almighty God have mercy on you, pardon, and deliver you,” &c. (Absolution for the Communion.) The second, under these words, “ Hath given charge and command to His ministers, to declare and pronounce to His people, being penitent, the absolution and remission of their sins.” The last by these words, “I absolve thee.” Which authoritative absolution is rather proper here, because, where the priest absolves in his own person, his absolution is not fitly applicable to any, but such as have given him evident tokens of hearty sorrow for their sins, such as divine chastisement usually causeth: extendible it is not to whole congregations (as in the former instances) where the confession is too general to be conceived in all real: and a confession at large can at most pretend but to an absolution at large, effectual only to such as truly and sincerely repent.

The form of the absolution. AFTER the sick person has made a special confession of his sins, as has been mentioned above, the Priest is to absolve him, if he humbly and heartily desire it, after this sort:

Our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath left power to his Church to absolve all sinners, who truly repent and believe in him, of his great mercy forgive thee thine offences: and by his authority committed to me, I absolve thee from all thy sins, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen.

Seems only to respect the censures of the Church. Now whether the Church designs, by this form, that the Priest shall directly convey God’s pardon to the conscience of the sinner, for his sins and offences committed against him; or whether that he shall only remit the censures of the Church, and continue him in the privilege of Church-communion, which he may be supposed to have forfeited by the sins he has confessed, is thought by some not to be clearly or determinately expressed. But if we look forward to the Collect immediately after to be used, it looks as if the Church did only intend the remission of ecclesiastical censures and bonds. For in that prayer the penitent is said still most earnestly to desire pardon and forgiveness: which surely there would be no occasion to do, if he had been actually pardoned and forgiven by God, by virtue of the absolution pronounced before. Again, the Priest offers a special request, that God would preserve and continue him in the unity of the Church; which seems to suppose, that the foregoing Absolution had been pronounced in order to restore him to its peace. And therefore since the form will bear this sense, without straining or putting any force upon the words, I hope it will be no offence to interpret them so, as is most consistent with the original commission given by our Lord, and the exercise of it in the purest ages of the Church.

§.2. What power given to the Church by our Saviour. Now it is plain that the authority first promised to St. Peter, and afterwards in common to all the Apostles, was a power of admitting to, or excluding from. Church-communion: for it is expressed by the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Now the kingdom of heaven being, in the Scriptural sense, the Church of Christ, of which heaven is the metropolis or principal part; and the keys (which are a token or ensign of power) being also used in Scripture to denote the conferring of authority to some chief officer in a family, to take in and exclude from it whom he should judge convenient; it must follow, that by the keys of the kingdom of heaven must be meant a power of admitting into, and shutting out of, the Christian Church. Accordingly the exercise of this power is called binding and loosing, which were terms used by the Jews, to signify the same things with what we now express by excommunicating and absolving. And our Saviour gives in charge, that whosoever is thus bound should be looked upon by his disciples as a heathen man and a publican; which seems naturally to import, that from a state of communion with the Christian Church, he should be reduced into the state of heathens, and such other profligate men, who were not admitted into their places of worship, nor so much as received into common conversation.

St. John indeed tells us, that our Saviour, after his resurrection, and when he seemed to be giving his final commission, endued his Apostles with a power expressed by the terms of remitting and retaining sins. But now it is the opinion of Dr. Hammond, and from him of a late author of not inferior judgment, that this passage has much the same signification with the former, and that the terms in St. John, of retaining and remitting, are equivalent to those in St. Matthew, of binding and loosing. They only observe that retaining is more emphatical than binding, and that it signifies properly to keep bound, and the word remit refers to sin as a debt, whereas the word loose refers to it as a bond or chain. And if this be the sense of the words in St. John, then it is plain that this commission, as well as the former in St. Matthew, confers only a power of excommunicating and absolving; and consequently that no authority can be urged from hence for the applying of God’s pardon to the conscience of a sinner, or for absolving him any otherwise than from the censures of the Church.

And indeed that these words give no power to us, in the present state of the Church, to forgive or remit sins in the name of God, so as immediately to restore the person absolved to his favour and grace, I humbly presume to join my opinion with theirs. But yet, with due submission, I cannot forbear thinking, that such a power was intended to be given by them to the Apostles. For I observe, that wherever else in the New Testament we meet with the word ἀφίημι, (which we render remit in the text,) applied to sins, as it is here, it is constantly used to express the remission and forgiveness of them, or the entire putting them away; and therefore the use of the same terms, in the text I am speaking of, inclines me to interpret the commission there given, of a power to remit sins, even in relation to God; insomuch that those sins which the Apostles should declare forgiven by virtue of this commission, should be actually forgiven by God himself, so as to be imputed no more. Not that I believe this power extended to the remitting all sins indiscriminately, and in whomsoever they pleased: out only that when some temporal calamity or disease had been inflicted upon a man as a punishment for his sins, the Apostles, if inwardly moved by the Spirit, had power to declare that his sins were forgiven, and as a testimony thereof to remove his calamity. That which inclines me to put this sense upon these words is my observing, that when our Saviour vouchsafed to heal the paralytic, he first pronounced that his sins were forgiven him: and that when St. James also is speaking of a sick man’s being raised by the prayer of faith, from his bodily disease, he adds, that if he had committed any sins, (which were the cause of it,) they also should be forgiven him. Now from hence I would infer, that the power of healing diseases, and the power of remitting sins, were generally consequent one of the other. And therefore since it is evident that the Apostles and others, in the first ages of the Church, could heal diseases, it seems not unlikely that they did it by virtue of a power that was invested in them of forgiving sins. And consequently, if they had a power of forgiving sins, that power must be conferred upon them by this commission in St. John, where our Saviour sends them with the same plenitude of power with which he himself was sent of the Father, and explains that power by the express and open terms of remitting and retaining sins. And if this be the sense of this text in St. John, then it is only to be interpreted of an extraordinary power which accompanied the inflicting, or continuing, or removing diseases, (as the occasion required,) which our Saviour thought fit, for the readier progress of the Gospel, to intrust with the Apostles and first preachers of Christianity.

§.3. The internal effects of excommunication and absolution. However, that these words were never understood by the primitive Christians to imply a Standing authority in the Ministers of the Gospel, to pardon or forgive his sins immediately and directly in relation to God, and as to which the censure of the Church had been in no wise concerned, I think may fairly be urged from there being no mention made, in any of the ancient Fathers, that any such authority was ever pretended to by any Church whatever, for a great many centuries after Christ. And therefore, if they relate to any standing authority, which was designed to continue through all ages of the Church, they must necessarily be interpreted in the abovementioned sense; which makes them equivalent to the texts in St. Matthew, which, I have already shewed, have an evident relation to excommunicating and absolving, or to the inflicting and removing Church-censures. Not that the favour or displeasure of God is wholly unconcerned in these acts of the Church; for the contrary of this is evidently declared by our Lord himself: whatsoever, saith he, ye shall bind on earth, shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth, shall be loosed in heaven: which must at least imply, that whatever sentence shall be duly passed by the governors of the Church, shall be ratified by him whom they represent; insomuch that whosoever is, by virtue of such sentence, cut off from the Church, not only loses the benefit of Church-communion, (which is ordinarily the necessary means of salvation,) but will also, if he dies in a state of impenitence, be looked upon by God to have forfeited all the privileges of his baptism, and consequently to be as much without the pale of the Church, as if he had never been admitted into it. Nay, further, though even an innocent man should, through wrong information, or some other mischance, be unjustly excommunicated, he must, with due respect and submission to the authority, plead his innocence, and use all proper means that offer, to bring his judges to a sense of their mistake. And if, after all, his sentence is, for want of opportunities to clear himself, ratified and confirmed, he is obliged to acquiesce in it: for should he, upon such occasion, behave himself undutifully to the ministers of Christ, he will undoubtedly incur the same sentence in heaven, which the courts on earth would pass on those who should offer to abuse and revile their judges; i.e. he will be condemned for his disobedience to them, let him be ever so innocent as to the crime laid to his charge. So that though a man may have committed no real offence against God, yet if he falls under the censure of the Church, it will be imputed to him as a sin even by God himself, if he does not obtain, or by all due humiliation endeavour to obtain, her absolution and forgiveness. And for this reason the absolution of the Church ought always to be sued for with prayers and tears, whenever we have done any thing that may give her offence. And therefore all I aim at is only to shew, that it does not appear from this text in St. John, nor from any of the others that have been spoken to above, that any absolution pronounced by the Church can cleanse or do away our inward guilt, or remit the eternal penalties of sin, which are declared to be due to it by the sentence of God, any further than by the prayers which are appointed to accompany it, and by the use of those ordinances to which it restores us, it may be a means, in the end, of obtaining our pardon from God himself, and the forgiveness of our sin as it relates to him.

§.4. The power of Absolution, what sense exercised in the primitive Church. And this, upon inquiry, we shall find to be all that the Church laid claim to for divers ages after our Saviour. For if we look into her practice for the first four centuries, we shall always find absolution co-relative to public discipline. The peace of the Church was never ordinarily given but to such as were under its censures before; nor was any loosed, or had his sins remitted, but who had before been bound, or had his sins retained. It is true, at such times, prayers were always used, for the obtaining to the penitent the forgiveness of God, and for restoring him again to his favour and grace. And indeed it does not appear, that in those primitive ages there was any other ceremony used, at the instant of re-admitting a penitent to the peace of the Church, than intercessions and prayers offered to God on his behalf, together with the imposition of the Bishop’s hands; which, by the way too, were all along applied to him throughout the whole course of his penitentieal separation: so that this sin was gradually expiated by the deprecations of the Minister, during the whole time of his being under the state of penance; and was then judged to be fully expiated, when the term of his sentence was quite expired, and he had for the last time received the imposition of hands, upon which he was immediately reinstated in all the privileges of full communion. In some time after the optative form was gradually introduced, and mixed with the precatory, much as it is in the form of absolution used by our own Church in the office of Communion. But as to the indicative form, it does not appear to have been generally introduced till about the middle of the twelfth century; and then it was made use of only to reconcile the penitent to the Church, whilst the deprecatory was what was supposed to procure his pardon from God. Within a century afterwards, indeed, it was a ruled case in the Church, that such as received the confession of penitents should, by an indicative form, absolve them from their sins: and the Priests were supposed to have a power invested in them, to release a sinner from the wrath of God, purely by pronouncing this form over him.

But I have already observed, that as to the pardon of God, and applying it directly to the sinner’s conscience, the power of the Priest is only ministerial; and therefore one would think that, in the exercise of that power, the form should be rather precatory than peremptory. But in restoring a man to the peace of the Church, (which he may appear by his confession to have forfeited, though sentence was never denounced against him,) there the form may decently enough be absolute and indicative: for the Minister in this case has a Judicial authority, and so is at liberty to use fuller terms.

§.5. What intended by the present form. And that the form of absolution, of which we are now discoursing, is only designed to remit to the penitent the censures that might be due from the Church to his sins, may not only be inferred from the expressions I have already taken notice of in the Collect that is appointed to be used immediately after it, but may also further be argued from the end and design for which that Collect was originally composed. For in the Penitential of Ecbert, who was archbishop of York in the middle of the eighth century, the reader may find this very prayer, with a very little variation, to have been one of the ancient formularies for clinical absolution: for even in the primitive Church, absolution was granted to a sick-bed penitent, though neither excommunication nor penance had preceded before. Penance indeed was in such cases assigned him, and he stood bound, upon his recovery, to comply with the conditions upon which it was granted him, and to perform it publicly in the face of the Church: but since he was not at present in such a state or capacity, he was by no means whatever to be denied a reconciliation, but was admitted to the one, upon a presumption that, if he lived, he would perform the other. And as this was the ancient usage of the Church, and as our own Church has made choice of a form that was used upon these occasions, to be used to a penitent in the same circumstances; why may we not suppose that her design was to accommodate, as far as she could, our modern office to the ancient ones? If the Minister that visits will use his endeavours, he may certainly bring it very near: for he may assign the party that confesses to him, certain penitential mortifications to be undergone by him, as soon as he recovers and is able, though they be not publicly submitted to in the face of the congregation: and he may insist with him, that he shall give some proof of his repentance, before he offers to receive the Communion in the Church. And if the penitent promises to submit to these conditions, the Minister may proceed, with a great deal of hope and satisfaction to himself, and with a great deal of comfort and advantage to the penitent, to reconcile him to the Church in the absolution itself, and to intercede with, and to recommend him to the throne of grace in the prayer that follows. And if this too were done before a few chosen serious witnesses, it would still bear a nearer resemblance to the ancient practice. For Tertullian observes, that the Church may subsist in a few of her members; and our Saviour has promised, that where two or three are gathered together in his name, he will be there in the midst of them, and (which to our purpose is somewhat remarkable) that promise follows close after the power he had just before been promising to his disciples of binding and loosing.

§.6. Private Absolution formerly enjoined. By the first book of king Edward VI the same form of Absolution was ordered to be used in all private confessions: i.e. I suppose, whenever any person, whose conscience was troubled and grieved in any thing lacking comfort or counsel, should (as it was then worded in the Exhortation to the Communion) come to some discreet and learned Priest taught in the law of God, and confess and open his sin and grief secretly; that he might receive such ghostly counsel, advice, and comfort, that his conscience might be relieved, and that of him (as of the Minister of God and of the Church) he might receive comfort and absolution, to the satisfaction of his mind, and avoiding of all scruple and doubtfulness. But in the review of the Common Prayer, in the fifth year of that prince, our reformers (observing, as I suppose, that this form of Absolution was not very ancient, and that persons might place too much confidence and security in it, as thinking that the bare pronouncing it over them cleansed them from their inward pollution and guilt, and entirely remitted their sins before God) left out that rubric in the office appointed for the Visitation of the Sick, and in the Exhortation to the Communion mentioned above, somewhat altered the expressions, to shew that the benefit of Absolution (of Absolution, I presume, from inward guilt) was not to be received by the pronouncing of any form, but by a due application and ministry of God’s holy word. So that all that the Minister seems here empowered to transact, in order to quiet the conscience of a person that applies to him for advice, is only to judge by the outward signs and fruits of his repentance, whether his conversion be real and sincere; and if upon examination it appears to be so, he is then to comfort him, with an assurance that his sins are remitted even in the court of heaven, and that he is restored to the grace and favour of Christ. But then this he is to deliver, not absolutely, but conditionally; i.e. upon the presumption that his repentance is as sincere as he represents it. He must by no means pronounce it as a final judge; because Christ alone can discern whether his conversion be feigned or real; and consequently he only can absolutely determine the state of the man towards God.

§.7. The present form not to be pronounced, unless heartily desired. As to the form of Absolution, of which we are now discoursing, a parenthesis was added at the last review, to intimate, that this is not to be used even over the sick, unless he humbly and heartily desire it. For it is fit a man should shew an earnest desire, and a due sense of so great a benefit, before it is offered him. And then if he be rightly instructed in the end and design of it, and the form itself be applied with that prudence and caution above described, the use of it surely may not only tend to the good of the penitent, but may also prove of singular service and advantage to the Church.

Here shall the sick person be moved to make a special confession of his sins, if he feel his conscience troubled with any weighty matter. After which confession, the Priest shall absolve him (if he humbly and heartily desire it) after this sort.

Num 6:24-26 The Lord bless you and keep you; the Lord make his face to shine upon you, and be gracious to you; the Lord lift up his countenance upon you, and give you peace.
Ps 86:5 For you, O Lord, are good and forgiving, abounding in steadfast love to all who call on you.
Ezek 18:27 Again, when the wicked turn away from the wickedness they have committed and do what is lawful and right, they shall save their life.
Dan 9:9 To the Lord our God belong mercy and forgiveness, for we have rebelled against him,
Matt 7:16 You will know them by their fruits. Are grapes gathered from thorns, or figs from thistles?
Matt 18:18-19 Truly I tell you, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven. Again, truly I tell you, if two of you agree on earth about anything you ask, it will be done for you by my Father in heaven.
Matt 28:20 and teaching them to obey everything that I have commanded you. And remember, I am with you always, to the end of the age."
John 6:37 Everything that the Father gives me will come to me, and anyone who comes to me I will never drive away;
John 20:23 If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained."
Acts 10:43 All the prophets testify about him that everyone who believes in him receives forgiveness of sins through his name."
Acts 13:38 Let it be known to you therefore, my brothers, that through this man forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you;
Acts 20:21 as I testified to both Jews and Greeks about repentance toward God and faith toward our Lord Jesus.
Rom 1:1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God,
Rom 1:5 through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith among all the Gentiles for the sake of his name,
1 Cor 5:4-5 in the name of the Lord Jesus on the man who has done such a thing. When you are assembled, and my spirit is present with the power of our Lord Jesus, you are to hand this man over to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, so that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord.
1 Cor 15:3 For I handed on to you as of first importance what I in turn had received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures,
2 Cor 2:10 Anyone whom you forgive, I also forgive. What I have forgiven, if I have forgiven anything, has been for your sake in the presence of Christ.
2 Cor 5:18 All this is from God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ, and has given us the ministry of reconciliation;
2 Cor 5:20 So we are ambassadors for Christ, since God is making his appeal through us; we entreat you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God.
Heb 10:19-22 Therefore, my friends, since we have confidence to enter the sanctuary by the blood of Jesus, by the new and living way that he opened for us through the curtain (that is, through his flesh), and since we have a great priest over the house of God, let us approach with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.
Jam 5:14-15 Are any among you sick? They should call for the elders of the church and have them pray over them, anointing them with oil in the name of the Lord. The prayer of faith will save the sick, and the Lord will raise them up; and anyone who has committed sins will be forgiven.
1 John 1:9 If we confess our sins, he who is faithful and just will forgive us our sins and cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

The Collect

And then the Priest shall say the Collect following.

Ps 51:1 Have mercy on me, O God, according to your steadfast love; according to your abundant mercy blot out my transgressions.
Is 38:17 Surely it was for my welfare that I had great bitterness; but you have held back my life from the pit of destruction, for you have cast all my sins behind your back.
Is 43:25 I, I am He who blots out your transgressions for my own sake, and I will not remember your sins.
Jer 50:20 In those days and at that time, says the Lord, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought, and there shall be none; and the sins of Judah, and none shall be found; for I will pardon the remnant that I have spared.
Lam 3:31-33 For the Lord will not reject forever. Although he causes grief, he will have compassion according to the abundance of his steadfast love; for he does not willingly afflict or grieve anyone.
Lam 3:41 Let us lift up our hearts as well as our hands to God in heaven.
Mic 7:19 He will again have compassion upon us; he will tread our iniquities under foot. You will cast all our sins into the depths of the sea.
Acts 3:19 Repent therefore, and turn to God so that your sins may be wiped out,
2 Cor 7:10-11 For godly grief produces a repentance that leads to salvation and brings no regret, but worldly grief produces death. For see what earnestness this godly grief has produced in you, what eagerness to clear yourselves, what indignation, what alarm, what longing, what zeal, what punishment! At every point you have proved yourselves guiltless in the matter.
Heb 8:12 For I will be merciful toward their iniquities, and I will remember their sins no more."
Heb 10:17 he also adds, "I will remember their sins and their lawless deeds no more."
Jam 4:8 Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded.
Ps 86:15 But you, O Lord, are a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness.
Num 14:19 Forgive the iniquity of this people according to the greatness of your steadfast love, just as you have pardoned this people, from Egypt even until now."
1 Kings 8:52 Let your eyes be open to the plea of your servant, and to the plea of your people Israel, listening to them whenever they call to you.
2 Kings 19:16 Incline your ear, O Lord, and hear; open your eyes, O Lord, and see; hear the words of Sennacherib, which he has sent to mock the living God.
Ps 25:11 For your name's sake, O Lord, pardon my guilt, for it is great.
Ps 119:132 Turn to me and be gracious to me, as is your custom toward those who love your name.
Dan 9:19 O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, listen and act and do not delay! For your own sake, O my God, because your city and your people bear your name!"
Ps 51:10 Create in me a clean heart, O God, and put a new and right spirit within me.
Ps 51:17 The sacrifice acceptable to God is a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.
Ps 103:13 As a father has compassion for his children, so the Lord has compassion for those who fear him.
Ps 145:9 The Lord is good to all, and his compassion is over all that he has made.
Ezek 16:30 How sick is your heart, says the Lord God, that you did all these things, the deeds of a brazen whore;
Matt 26:41 Stay awake and pray that you may not come into the time of trial; the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak."
Luke 22:31 "Simon, Simon, listen! Satan has demanded to sift all of you like wheat,
Rom 7:14-15 For we know that the law is spiritual; but I am of the flesh, sold into slavery under sin. I do not understand my own actions. For I do not do what I want, but I do the very thing I hate.
Rom 7:21 So I find it to be a law that when I want to do what is good, evil lies close at hand.
2 Cor 2:11 And we do this so that we may not be outwitted by Satan; for we are not ignorant of his designs.
2 Cor 11:3 But I am afraid that as the serpent deceived Eve by its cunning, your thoughts will be led astray from a sincere and pure devotion to Christ.
Eph 4:22-23 You were taught to put away your former way of life, your old self, corrupt and deluded by its lusts, and to be renewed in the spirit of your minds,
Tit 3:4-6 But when the goodness and loving kindness of God our Savior appeared, he saved us, not because of any works of righteousness that we had done, but according to his mercy, through the water of rebirth and renewal by the Holy Spirit. This Spirit he poured out on us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior,
1 Pet 5:8 Discipline yourselves, keep alert. Like a roaring lion your adversary the devil prowls around, looking for someone to devour.
Rev 12:9 The great dragon was thrown down, that ancient serpent, who is called the Devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world--he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him.
1 Thess 3:5 For this reason, when I could bear it no longer, I sent to find out about your faith; I was afraid that somehow the tempter had tempted you and that our labor had been in vain.
John 17:11 And now I am no longer in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, protect them in your name that you have given me, so that they may be one, as we are one.
John 17:20-21 "I ask not only on behalf of these, but also on behalf of those who will believe in me through their word, that they may all be one. As you, Father, are in me and I am in you, may they also be in us, so that the world may believe that you have sent me.
Eph 4:3 making every effort to maintain the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.
Col 1:24 I am now rejoicing in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I am completing what is lacking in Christ's afflictions for the sake of his body, that is, the church.
1 Pet 1:5-6 who are being protected by the power of God through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. In this you rejoice, even if now for a little while you have had to suffer various trials,
Ps 25:18 Consider my affliction and my trouble, and forgive all my sins.
Ps 31:7 I will exult and rejoice in your steadfast love, because you have seen my affliction; you have taken heed of my adversities,
Ps 41:3 The Lord sustains them on their sickbed; in their illness you heal all their infirmities.
Ps 42:3 My tears have been my food day and night, while people say to me continually, "Where is your God?"
Ps 51:2-3 Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin. For I know my transgressions, and my sin is ever before me.
Ps 51:17 The sacrifice acceptable to God is a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.
Ps 56:8 You have kept count of my tossings; put my tears in your bottle. Are they not in your record?
Ps 119:124 Deal with your servant according to your steadfast love, and teach me your statutes.
Ps 119:153 Look on my misery and rescue me, for I do not forget your law.
Ps 141:8 But my eyes are turned toward you, O God, my Lord; in you I seek refuge; do not leave me defenseless.
Is 38:2-5 Then Hezekiah turned his face to the wall, and prayed to the Lord: "Remember now, O Lord, I implore you, how I have walked before you in faithfulness with a whole heart, and have done what is good in your sight." And Hezekiah wept bitterly. Then the word of the Lord came to Isaiah: "Go and say to Hezekiah, Thus says the Lord, the God of your ancestor David: I have heard your prayer, I have seen your tears; I will add fifteen years to your life.
Is 38:14 Like a swallow or a crane I clamor, I moan like a dove. My eyes are weary with looking upward. O Lord, I am oppressed; be my security!
Is 66:2 All these things my hand has made, and so all these things are mine, says the Lord. But this is the one to whom I will look, to the humble and contrite in spirit, who trembles at my word.
Luke 22:41-42 Then he withdrew from them about a stone's throw, knelt down, and prayed, "Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me; yet, not my will but yours be done."
2 Cor 12:7-10 even considering the exceptional character of the revelations. Therefore, to keep me from being too elated, a thorn was given me in the flesh, a messenger of Satan to torment me, to keep me from being too elated. Three times I appealed to the Lord about this, that it would leave me, but he said to me, "My grace is sufficient for you, for power is made perfect in weakness." So, I will boast all the more gladly of my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ may dwell in me. Therefore I am content with weaknesses, insults, hardships, persecutions, and calamities for the sake of Christ; for whenever I am weak, then I am strong.
1 Pet 1:6 In this you rejoice, even if now for a little while you have had to suffer various trials,
Job 13:14 I will take my flesh in my teeth, and put my life in my hand.
Ps 39:10 Remove your stroke from me; I am worn down by the blows of your hand.
Luke 23:46 Then Jesus, crying with a loud voice, said, "Father, into your hands I commend my spirit." Having said this, he breathed his last.
Ps 25:7 Do not remember the sins of my youth or my transgressions; according to your steadfast love remember me, for your goodness' sake, O Lord!
Ps 52:8 But I am like a green olive tree in the house of God. I trust in the steadfast love of God forever and ever.
Ps 71:1-2 In you, O Lord, I take refuge; let me never be put to shame. In your righteousness deliver me and rescue me; incline your ear to me and save me.
Ps 79:8-9 Do not remember against us the iniquities of our ancestors; let your compassion come speedily to meet us, for we are brought very low. Help us, O God of our salvation, for the glory of your name; deliver us, and forgive our sins, for your name's sake.
Ps 130:3-8 If you, O Lord, should mark iniquities, Lord, who could stand? But there is forgiveness with you, so that you may be revered. I wait for the Lord, my soul waits, and in his word I hope; my soul waits for the Lord more than those who watch for the morning, more than those who watch for the morning. O Israel, hope in the Lord! For with the Lord there is steadfast love, and with him is great power to redeem. It is he who will redeem Israel from all its iniquities.
Rom 4:7-8 "Blessed are those whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered; blessed is the one against whom the Lord will not reckon sin."
Job 23:6 Would he contend with me in the greatness of his power? No; but he would give heed to me.
Ps 41:3 The Lord sustains them on their sickbed; in their illness you heal all their infirmities.
Ps 138:3 On the day I called, you answered me, you increased my strength of soul.
Eph 3:16 I pray that, according to the riches of his glory, he may grant that you may be strengthened in your inner being with power through his Spirit,
Col 1:11 May you be made strong with all the strength that comes from his glorious power, and may you be prepared to endure everything with patience, while joyfully
2 Kings 2:3 The company of prophets who were in Bethel came out to Elisha, and said to him, "Do you know that today the Lord will take your master away from you?" And he said, "Yes, I know; keep silent."
Job 14:14 If mortals die, will they live again? All the days of my service I would wait until my release should come.
Ps 16:11 You show me the path of life. In your presence there is fullness of joy; in your right hand are pleasures forevermore.
Ps 17:15 As for me, I shall behold your face in righteousness; when I awake I shall be satisfied, beholding your likeness.
Ps 30:5 For his anger is but for a moment; his favor is for a lifetime. Weeping may linger for the night, but joy comes with the morning.
Ps 31:5 Into your hand I commit my spirit; you have redeemed me, O Lord, faithful God.
Ps 106:4 Remember me, O Lord, when you show favor to your people; help me when you deliver them;
Matt 17:5 While he was still speaking, suddenly a bright cloud overshadowed them, and from the cloud a voice said, "This is my Son, the Beloved; with him I am well pleased; listen to him!"
Luke 16:22 The poor man died and was carried away by the angels to be with Abraham. The rich man also died and was buried.
John 14:2-3 In my Father's house there are many dwelling places. If it were not so, would I have told you that I go to prepare a place for you? And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself, so that where I am, there you may be also.
Phil 1:23 I am hard pressed between the two: my desire is to depart and be with Christ, for that is far better;
Heb 5:9 and having been made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him,
Rev 14:13 And I heard a voice from heaven saying, "Write this: Blessed are the dead who from now on die in the Lord." "Yes," says the Spirit, "they will rest from their labors, for their deeds follow them."

Psalm 71

I. The seventy-first Psalm. AFTER the sick person is absolved by the Church, and recommended to the pardon and grace of God, the Minister is directed to use in his behalf the Seventy-first Psalm; which is so very apt and proper to express the sick man’s desires and wants, and at the same time to exercise his faith, to inflame his love, to uphold his patience, and revive his hope, that not only our own, but the eastern, western, and most Churches in the world, agree in the choice of it for this office. At the review at the Restoration indeed the five last verses were left out of our own, as supposing the person restored to his former state and prosperity, and so not being suitable to be used over one whose case is languishing and dangerous.

Then shall the Minister say this Psalm,

Ps 71:1-18 In you, O Lord, I take refuge; let me never be put to shame. In your righteousness deliver me and rescue me; incline your ear to me and save me. Be to me a rock of refuge, a strong fortress, to save me, for you are my rock and my fortress. Rescue me, O my God, from the hand of the wicked, from the grasp of the unjust and cruel. For you, O Lord, are my hope, my trust, O Lord, from my youth. Upon you I have leaned from my birth; it was you who took me from my mother’s womb. My praise is continually of you. I have been like a portent to many, but you are my strong refuge. My mouth is filled with your praise, and with your glory all day long. Do not cast me off in the time of old age; do not forsake me when my strength is spent. For my enemies speak concerning me, and those who watch for my life consult together. They say, "Pursue and seize that person whom God has forsaken, for there is no one to deliver." O God, do not be far from me; O my God, make haste to help me! Let my accusers be put to shame and consumed; let those who seek to hurt me be covered with scorn and disgrace. But I will hope continually, and will praise you yet more and more. My mouth will tell of your righteous acts, of your deeds of salvation all day long, though their number is past my knowledge. I will come praising the mighty deeds of the Lord God, I will praise your righteousness, yours alone. O God, from my youth you have taught me, and I still proclaim your wondrous deeds. So even to old age and gray hairs, O God, do not forsake me, until I proclaim your might to all the generations to come. Your power and your righteousness, O God, reach the high heavens.
Is 6:3 And one called to another and said: "Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory."
Matt 6:9 "Pray then in this way: Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name.
Matt 28:19 Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
Luke 2:14 "Glory to God in the highest heaven, and on earth peace among those whom he favors!"
Rom 16:27 to the only wise God, through Jesus Christ, to whom be the glory forever! Amen.
1 Cor 6:19-20 Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, which you have from God, and that you are not your own? For you were bought with a price; therefore glorify God in your body.
2 Peter 3:18 But grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be the glory both now and to the day of eternity. Amen.
Rev 15:4 Lord, who will not fear and glorify your name? For you alone are holy. All nations will come and worship before you, for your judgments have been revealed."
Ps 50:23 Those who bring thanksgiving as their sacrifice honor me; to those who go the right way I will show the salvation of God."
John 13:32 If God has been glorified in him, God will also glorify him in himself and will glorify him at once.
John 17:1 After Jesus had spoken these words, he looked up to heaven and said, "Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son so that the Son may glorify you,
Rom 15:6 so that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Rev 5:13 Then I heard every creature in heaven and on earth and under the earth and in the sea, and all that is in them, singing, "To the one seated on the throne and to the Lamb be blessing and honor and glory and might forever and ever!"
Job 38:7 when the morning stars sang together and all the heavenly beings shouted for joy?
Ps 104:31 May the glory of the Lord endure forever; may the Lord rejoice in his works--
Ps 106:48 Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting. And let all the people say, "Amen." Praise the Lord!
Ps 145:4 One generation shall laud your works to another, and shall declare your mighty acts.
Is 66:23 From new moon to new moon, and from sabbath to sabbath, all flesh shall come to worship before me, says the Lord.
Eph 3:21 to him be glory in the church and in Christ Jesus to all generations, forever and ever. Amen.
Matt 16:18 And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it.
Rev 4:8 And the four living creatures, each of them with six wings, are full of eyes all around and inside. Day and night without ceasing they sing, "Holy, holy, holy, the Lord God the Almighty, who was and is and is to come."

Adding this.

Ps 79:9 Help us, O God of our salvation, for the glory of your name; deliver us, and forgive our sins, for your name's sake.
Ps 109:26 Help me, O Lord my God! Save me according to your steadfast love.
Ps 116:3-4 The snares of death encompassed me; the pangs of Sheol laid hold on me; I suffered distress and anguish. Then I called on the name of the Lord: "O Lord, I pray, save my life!"
Ps 118;25 O give thanks to the Lord, for he is good; his steadfast love endures forever! Let Israel say, "His steadfast love endures forever." Let the house of Aaron say, "His steadfast love endures forever." Let those who fear the Lord say, "His steadfast love endures forever." Out of my distress I called on the Lord; the Lord answered me and set me in a broad place. With the Lord on my side I do not fear. What can mortals do to me? The Lord is on my side to help me; I shall look in triumph on those who hate me. It is better to take refuge in the Lord than to put confidence in mortals. It is better to take refuge in the Lord than to put confidence in princes. All nations surrounded me; in the name of the Lord I cut them off! They surrounded me, surrounded me on every side; in the name of the Lord I cut them off! They surrounded me like bees; they blazed like a fire of thorns; in the name of the Lord I cut them off! I was pushed hard, so that I was falling, but the Lord helped me. The Lord is my strength and my might; he has become my salvation. There are glad songs of victory in the tents of the righteous: "The right hand of the Lord does valiantly; the right hand of the Lord is exalted; the right hand of the Lord does valiantly." I shall not die, but I shall live, and recount the deeds of the Lord. The Lord has punished me severely, but he did not give me over to death. Open to me the gates of righteousness, that I may enter through them and give thanks to the Lord. This is the gate of the Lord; the righteous shall enter through it. I thank you that you have answered me and have become my salvation. The stone that the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone. This is the Lord's doing; it is marvelous in our eyes. This is the day that the Lord has made; let us rejoice and be glad in it. Save us, we beseech you, O Lord! O Lord, we beseech you, give us success! Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord. We bless you from the house of the Lord. The Lord is God, and he has given us light. Bind the festal procession with branches, up to the horns of the altar. You are my God, and I will give thanks to you; you are my God, I will extol you. O give thanks to the Lord, for he is good, for his steadfast love endures forever. To you, O Lord, I lift up my soul. O my God, in you I trust; do not let me be put to shame; do not let my enemies exult over me. Do not let those who wait for you be put to shame; let them be ashamed who are wantonly treacherous. Make me to know your ways, O Lord; teach me your paths. Lead me in your truth, and teach me, for you are the God of my salvation; for you I wait all day long. Be mindful of your mercy, O Lord, and of your steadfast love, for they have been from of old. Do not remember the sins of my youth or my transgressions; according to your steadfast love remember me, for your goodness' sake, O Lord! Good and upright is the Lord; therefore he instructs sinners in the way. He leads the humble in what is right, and teaches the humble his way. All the paths of the Lord are steadfast love and faithfulness, for those who keep his covenant and his decrees. For your name's sake, O Lord, pardon my guilt, for it is great. Who are they that fear the Lord? He will teach them the way that they should choose. They will abide in prosperity, and their children shall possess the land. The friendship of the Lord is for those who fear him, and he makes his covenant known to them. My eyes are ever toward the Lord, for he will pluck my feet out of the net. Turn to me and be gracious to me, for I am lonely and afflicted. Relieve the troubles of my heart, and bring me out of my distress. Consider my affliction and my trouble, and forgive all my sins. Consider how many are my foes, and with what violent hatred they hate me. O guard my life, and deliver me; do not let me be put to shame, for I take refuge in you. May integrity and uprightness preserve me, for I wait for you. Redeem Israel, O God, out of all its troubles.
Jer 14:8 O hope of Israel, its savior in time of trouble, why should you be like a stranger in the land, like a traveler turning aside for the night?
John 4:42 They said to the woman, "It is no longer because of what you said that we believe, for we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this is truly the Savior of the world."
Col 1:20 and through him God was pleased to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, by making peace through the blood of his cross.
1 Pet 1:18-19 You know that you were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your ancestors, not with perishable things like silver or gold, but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without defect or blemish.
1 John 2:1-2 My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous; and he is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the sins of the whole world.
1 John 4:14 And we have seen and do testify that the Father has sent his Son as the Savior of the world.
Job 19:25 For I know that my Redeemer lives, and that at the last he will stand upon the earth;
Is 63:1 "Who is this that comes from Edom, from Bozrah in garments stained crimson? Who is this so splendidly robed, marching in his great might?" "It is I, announcing vindication, mighty to save."
Tit 2:13 while we wait for the blessed hope and the manifestation of the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ.

The Final Blessings

A most excellent and pious Benediction of the Priest concludes all, and so ends this Office.

II. The three blessings. And now to take leave with a valedictory Blessing; as it is very fit and decent at all times, so it is necessary, when we depart from a friend, whose case is such as that perhaps we may see his face no more. For this reason the office is concluded with three solmn blessings; the first of which is an address to God the Son, the second to the Father, and the third (which was added at the last review) to the holy and undivided Trinity: and all assist to procure to the patient the greatest blessings he can need or desire.

Then shall the Minister say,

1 Sam 2:6 The Lord kills and brings to life; he brings down to Sheol and raises up.
Job 22:25 and if the Almighty is your gold and your precious silver,
Ps 5:11-12 But let all who take refuge in you rejoice; let them ever sing for joy. Spread your protection over them, so that those who love your name may exult in you. For you bless the righteous, O Lord; you cover them with favor as with a shield.
Ps 125:1-2 Those who trust in the Lord are like Mount Zion, which cannot be moved, but abides forever. As the mountains surround Jerusalem, so the Lord surrounds his people, from this time on and forevermore.
Prov 18:10 The name of the Lord is a strong tower; the righteous run into it and are safe.
Is 26:4 Trust in the Lord forever, for in the Lord God you have an everlasting rock.
Nah 1:7 The Lord is good, a stronghold in a day of trouble; he protects those who take refuge in him,
Rev 4:8 And the four living creatures, each of them with six wings, are full of eyes all around and inside. Day and night without ceasing they sing, "Holy, holy, holy, the Lord God the Almighty, who was and is and is to come."
Job 13:15 See, he will kill me; I have no hope; but I will defend my ways to his face.
Matt 6:13 And do not bring us to the time of trial, but rescue us from the evil one.
Matt 8:27 They were amazed, saying, "What sort of man is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him?"
Matt 28:18 And Jesus came and said to them, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.
Phil 2:9-10 Therefore God also highly exalted him and gave him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bend, in heaven and on earth and under the earth,
1 Pet 3:22 who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, with angels, authorities, and powers made subject to him.
1 Chron 29:11-12 Yours, O Lord, are the greatness, the power, the glory, the victory, and the majesty; for all that is in the heavens and on the earth is yours; yours is the kingdom, O Lord, and you are exalted as head above all. Riches and honor come from you, and you rule over all. In your hand are power and might; and it is in your hand to make great and to give strength to all.
Ps 20:1-2 The Lord answer you in the day of trouble! The name of the God of Jacob protect you! May he send you help from the sanctuary, and give you support from Zion.
Ps 31:2 Incline your ear to me; rescue me speedily. Be a rock of refuge for me, a strong fortress to save me.
Ps 37:40 The Lord helps them and rescues them; he rescues them from the wicked, and saves them, because they take refuge in him.
Ps 71:9 Do not cast me off in the time of old age; do not forsake me when my strength is spent.
Ps 121:8 The Lord will keep your going out and your coming in from this time on and forevermore.
2 Tim 4:18 The Lord will rescue me from every evil attack and save me for his heavenly kingdom. To him be the glory forever and ever. Amen.
Is 45:17 But Israel is saved by the Lord with everlasting salvation; you shall not be put to shame or confounded to all eternity.
Is 45:21-22 Declare and present your case; let them take counsel together! Who told this long ago? Who declared it of old? Was it not I, the Lord? There is no other god besides me, a righteous God and a Savior; there is no one besides me. Turn to me and be saved, all the ends of the earth! For I am God, and there is no other.
Jer 17:14 Heal me, O Lord, and I shall be healed; save me, and I shall be saved; for you are my praise.
Acts 3:16 And by faith in his name, his name itself has made this man strong, whom you see and know; and the faith that is through Jesus has given him this perfect health in the presence of all of you.
Acts 4:10 let it be known to all of you, and to all the people of Israel, that this man is standing before you in good health by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead.
Acts 4:12 There is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among mortals by which we must be saved."
Acts 13:38-39 Let it be known to you therefore, my brothers, that through this man forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you; by this Jesus everyone who believes is set free from all those sins from which you could not be freed by the law of Moses.
1 Cor 3:11 For no one can lay any foundation other than the one that has been laid; that foundation is Jesus Christ.

And after that shall say,

Num 6:24-26 The Lord bless you and keep you; the Lord make his face to shine upon you, and be gracious to you; the Lord lift up his countenance upon you, and give you peace.
Deut 33:27 He subdues the ancient gods, shatters the forces of old; he drove out the enemy before you, and said, "Destroy!"
Ps 4:6 There are many who say, "O that we might see some good! Let the light of your face shine on us, O Lord!"
Ps 86:15 But you, O Lord, are a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness.
Is 26:3 Those of steadfast mind you keep in peace-- in peace because they trust in you.
Is 32:17 The effect of righteousness will be peace, and the result of righteousness, quietness and trust forever.
Is 33:2 O Lord, be gracious to us; we wait for you. Be our arm every morning, our salvation in the time of trouble.
Acts 20:32 And now I commend you to God and to the message of his grace, a message that is able to build you up and to give you the inheritance among all who are sanctified.
1 Pet 4:19 Therefore, let those suffering in accordance with God's will entrust themselves to a faithful Creator, while continuing to do good.
Ps 71:3 Be to me a rock of refuge, a strong fortress, to save me, for you are my rock and my fortress.


Occasional Prayers

How needful, and when first added. THERE is so much variety in the state of sickness, that it is impossible one form, though it were ever so complete, should be contrived to fit all particular occasions. As to those whose distemper lies chiefly in the body, and who are of an age that is capable of comfort and advice, and have also their senses and understandings entire, and faculties and time enough to exercise all the forementioned duties of religion; the former office is very suitable and proper. But there are singular cases which require peculiar prayers, and more indeed than it is easy to provide for in any stated forms: however, there are four which our Church took notice of at the last review, and for which therefore she hath presided four suitable prayers.

A Prayer for a sick Child.

I. The prayer for a sick child. The first of these is for a sick child: in which case, as the fondness and love of the parents will direct them to use all human means for its recovery; so Christianity should instruct them to turn the violence of their passion into fervent addresses to Almighty God to help it. He gave it at first, and He only can preserve it: and it was the trust of the Shunamite in his power to save, that encouraged her to apply herself to the prophet Elisha, even when her son was actually dead, which procured for her a success as wonderful as her faith. And though when Jairus went to Jesus for his dying child, the disease proved swifter than his utmost haste; yet our Lord rewarded the faith of the parent with the restoration of the daughter’s life. Such miracles indeed we must not now expect: but yet, if we seek the prayers of the Church with due humility and faith, there is no doubt but they will assist very much in the cure; and that if any means can move God to spare them, this will.

1 Sam 2:6 The Lord kills and brings to life; he brings down to Sheol and raises up.
2 Sam 12:22 He said, "While the child was still alive, I fasted and wept; for I said, 'Who knows? The Lord may be gracious to me, and the child may live.'
Job 5:18 For he wounds, but he binds up; he strikes, but his hands heal.
Ps 68:20 Our God is a God of salvation, and to God, the Lord, belongs escape from death.
Ps 104:29-30 When you hide your face, they are dismayed; when you take away their breath, they die and return to their dust. When you send forth your spirit, they are created; and you renew the face of the ground.
Phil 2:27 He was indeed so ill that he nearly died. But God had mercy on him, and not only on him but on me also, so that I would not have one sorrow after another.
2 Sam 12:16 David therefore pleaded with God for the child; David fasted, and went in and lay all night on the ground.
Ps 34:15 The eyes of the Lord are on the righteous, and his ears are open to their cry.
Ps 79:8 Do not remember against us the iniquities of our ancestors; let your compassion come speedily to meet us, for we are brought very low.
Ps 80:14 Turn again, O God of hosts; look down from heaven, and see; have regard for this vine,
Ps 88:2-3 let my prayer come before you; incline your ear to my cry. For my soul is full of troubles, and my life draws near to Sheol.
Ps 88:15 Wretched and close to death from my youth up, I suffer your terrors; I am desperate.
Mark 5:22-24 Then one of the leaders of the synagogue named Jairus came and, when he saw him, fell at his feet and begged him repeatedly, "My little daughter is at the point of death. Come and lay your hands on her, so that she may be made well, and live." So he went with him. And a large crowd followed him and pressed in on him.
Mark 5:34 He said to her, "Daughter, your faith has made you well; go in peace, and be healed of your disease."
Mark 5:42 And immediately the girl got up and began to walk about (she was twelve years of age). At this they were overcome with amazement.
Mark 10:13-16 People were bringing little children to him in order that he might touch them; and the disciples spoke sternly to them. But when Jesus saw this, he was indignant and said to them, "Let the little children come to me; do not stop them; for it is to such as these that the kingdom of God belongs. Truly I tell you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God as a little child will never enter it." And he took them up in his arms, laid his hands on them, and blessed them.
2 Sam 12:16 David therefore pleaded with God for the child; David fasted, and went in and lay all night on the ground.
Ps 34:15 The eyes of the Lord are on the righteous, and his ears are open to their cry.
Ps 79:8 Do not remember against us the iniquities of our ancestors; let your compassion come speedily to meet us, for we are brought very low.
Ps 80:14 Turn again, O God of hosts; look down from heaven, and see; have regard for this vine,
Ps 88:2-3 let my prayer come before you; incline your ear to my cry. For my soul is full of troubles, and my life draws near to Sheol.
Ps 88:15 Wretched and close to death from my youth up, I suffer your terrors; I am desperate.
Mark 5:22-24 Then one of the leaders of the synagogue named Jairus came and, when he saw him, fell at his feet and begged him repeatedly, "My little daughter is at the point of death. Come and lay your hands on her, so that she may be made well, and live." So he went with him. And a large crowd followed him and pressed in on him.
Mark 5:34 He said to her, "Daughter, your faith has made you well; go in peace, and be healed of your disease."
Mark 5:42 And immediately the girl got up and began to walk about (she was twelve years of age). At this they were overcome with amazement.
Mark 10:13-16 People were bringing little children to him in order that he might touch them; and the disciples spoke sternly to them. But when Jesus saw this, he was indignant and said to them, "Let the little children come to me; do not stop them; for it is to such as these that the kingdom of God belongs. Truly I tell you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God as a little child will never enter it." And he took them up in his arms, laid his hands on them, and blessed them.
2 Sam 12:16 David therefore pleaded with God for the child; David fasted, and went in and lay all night on the ground.
Ps 34:15 The eyes of the Lord are on the righteous, and his ears are open to their cry.
Ps 79:8 Do not remember against us the iniquities of our ancestors; let your compassion come speedily to meet us, for we are brought very low.
Ps 80:14 Turn again, O God of hosts; look down from heaven, and see; have regard for this vine,
Ps 88:2-3 let my prayer come before you; incline your ear to my cry. For my soul is full of troubles, and my life draws near to Sheol.
Ps 88:15 Wretched and close to death from my youth up, I suffer your terrors; I am desperate.
Mark 5:22-24 Then one of the leaders of the synagogue named Jairus came and, when he saw him, fell at his feet and begged him repeatedly, "My little daughter is at the point of death. Come and lay your hands on her, so that she may be made well, and live." So he went with him. And a large crowd followed him and pressed in on him.
Mark 5:34 He said to her, "Daughter, your faith has made you well; go in peace, and be healed of your disease."
Mark 5:42 And immediately the girl got up and began to walk about (she was twelve years of age). At this they were overcome with amazement.
Mark 10:13-16 People were bringing little children to him in order that he might touch them; and the disciples spoke sternly to them. But when Jesus saw this, he was indignant and said to them, "Let the little children come to me; do not stop them; for it is to such as these that the kingdom of God belongs. Truly I tell you, whoever does not receive the kingdom of God as a little child will never enter it." And he took them up in his arms, laid his hands on them, and blessed them.
Job 3:17 There the wicked cease from troubling, and there the weary are at rest.
Ps 16:11 You show me the path of life. In your presence there is fullness of joy; in your right hand are pleasures forevermore.
Ps 44:26 Rise up, come to our help. Redeem us for the sake of your steadfast love.
Ps 109:21 But you, O Lord my Lord, act on my behalf for your name's sake; because your steadfast love is good, deliver me.
Is 57:2 and they enter into peace; those who walk uprightly will rest on their couches.
Luke 16:9 And I tell you, make friends for yourselves by means of dishonest wealth so that when it is gone, they may welcome you into the eternal homes.
John 14:2-3 In my Father's house there are many dwelling places. If it were not so, would I have told you that I go to prepare a place for you? And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself, so that where I am, there you may be also.
Acts 7:59 While they were stoning Stephen, he prayed, "Lord Jesus, receive my spirit."
2 Cor 5:1 For we know that if the earthly tent we live in is destroyed, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
1 Thess 4:14-17 For since we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so, through Jesus, God will bring with him those who have died. For this we declare to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will by no means precede those who have died. For the Lord himself, with a cry of command, with the archangel's call and with the sound of God's trumpet, will descend from heaven, and the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up in the clouds together with them to meet the Lord in the air; and so we will be with the Lord forever.
Rev 7:14-17 I said to him, "Sir, you are the one that knows." Then he said to me, "These are they who have come out of the great ordeal; they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. For this reason they are before the throne of God, and worship him day and night within his temple, and the one who is seated on the throne will shelter them. They will hunger no more, and thirst no more; the sun will not strike them, nor any scorching heat; for the Lamb at the center of the throne will be their shepherd, and he will guide them to springs of the water of life, and God will wipe away every tear from their eyes."
Rev 14:13 And I heard a voice from heaven saying, "Write this: Blessed are the dead who from now on die in the Lord." "Yes," says the Spirit, "they will rest from their labors, for their deeds follow them."
Rev 19:6 Then I heard what seemed to be the voice of a great multitude, like the sound of many waters and like the sound of mighty thunderpeals, crying out, "Hallelujah! For the Lord our God the Almighty reigns.

A Prayer for a sick person, when there appeareth small hope of recovery.

II. The prayer for a sick person, when there appeareth small hope of recovery. The second of these prayers is for a sick person, when there appeareth small hope of recovery. For when the disease hath almost got the victory of the sick, it is not to be expected that the man should do much on his part for the bettering of his future state. And therefore since (it is to be hoped) he hath already gone through the preparatory exercises of patience and submission, of faith and repentance, of thankfulness and charity;.but is now rendered incapable of any other office; the Minister must take care that at least he do not want such further benefits as the Church has provided for him in this excellent form: which is also very proper to be used, when any sudden disease puts a man beyond all hopes of recovery at the first assault; or when any, though visited with a lingering disease, have yet wretchedly deferred to send for a Minister, till there is as little to be done for the procuring their salvation, as there is for the restoring of their bodily health. However, since they are now incapable of those other comforts and advantages which this office directs, it is fit we should do all that possibly we can, and that is to pray for them heartily in this form, the only means left in such an emergency.

Ps 46:1 God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble.
Ps 62:5 For God alone my soul waits in silence, for my hope is from him.
Ps 69:13 But as for me, my prayer is to you, O Lord. At an acceptable time, O God, in the abundance of your steadfast love, answer me. With your faithful help
Ps 108:12 O grant us help against the foe, for human help is worthless.
Ps 119:156 Great is your mercy, O Lord; give me life according to your justice.
Ps 146:5 Happy are those whose help is the God of Jacob, whose hope is in the Lord their God,
2 Cor 1:3-4 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and the God of all consolation, who consoles us in all our affliction, so that we may be able to console those who are in any affliction with the consolation with which we ourselves are consoled by God.
Heb 4:16 Let us therefore approach the throne of grace with boldness, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.
Ps 65:2 O you who answer prayer! To you all flesh shall come.
Matt 8:5-7 When he entered Capernaum, a centurion came to him, appealing to him and saying, "Lord, my servant is lying at home paralyzed, in terrible distress." And he said to him, "I will come and cure him."
Matt 11:28 "Come to me, all you that are weary and are carrying heavy burdens, and I will give you rest.
Heb 2:18 Because he himself was tested by what he suffered, he is able to help those who are being tested.
Jam 5:13-16 Are any among you suffering? They should pray. Are any cheerful? They should sing songs of praise. Are any among you sick? They should call for the elders of the church and have them pray over them, anointing them with oil in the name of the Lord. The prayer of faith will save the sick, and the Lord will raise them up; and anyone who has committed sins will be forgiven. Therefore confess your sins to one another, and pray for one another, so that you may be healed. The prayer of the righteous is powerful and effective.
Ps 143:9 Save me, O Lord, from my enemies; I have fled to you for refuge.
Heb 6:18 so that through two unchangeable things, in which it is impossible that God would prove false, we who have taken refuge might be strongly encouraged to seize the hope set before us.
Num 6:25 the Lord make his face to shine upon you, and be gracious to you;
Deut 26:7 we cried to the Lord, the God of our ancestors; the Lord heard our voice and saw our affliction, our toil, and our oppression.
Ps 22:15 my mouth is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to my jaws; you lay me in the dust of death.
ps 41;3 Happy are those who consider the poor; the Lord delivers them in the day of trouble. The Lord protects them and keeps them alive; they are called happy in the land. You do not give them up to the will of their enemies. The Lord sustains them on their sickbed; in their illness you heal all their infirmities. As for me, I said, "O Lord, be gracious to me; heal me, for I have sinned against you." My enemies wonder in malice when I will die, and my name perish. And when they come to see me, they utter empty words, while their hearts gather mischief; when they go out, they tell it abroad. All who hate me whisper together about me; they imagine the worst for me. They think that a deadly thing has fastened on me, that I will not rise again from where I lie. Even my bosom friend in whom I trusted, who ate of my bread, has lifted the heel against me. But you, O Lord, be gracious to me, and raise me up, that I may repay them. By this I know that you are pleased with me; because my enemy has not triumphed over me. But you have upheld me because of my integrity, and set me in your presence forever. Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting. Amen and Amen. O Lord, how many are my foes! Many are rising against me; many are saying to me, "There is no help for you in God."Selah But you, O Lord, are a shield around me, my glory, and the one who lifts up my head. I cry aloud to the Lord, and he answers me from his holy hill.Selah I lie down and sleep; I wake again, for the Lord sustains me. I am not afraid of ten thousands of people who have set themselves against me all around. Rise up, O Lord! Deliver me, O my God! For you strike all my enemies on the cheek; you break the teeth of the wicked. Deliverance belongs to the Lord; may your blessing be on your people!Selah
Ps 109:23 I am gone like a shadow at evening; I am shaken off like a locust.
Ps 119:132 Turn to me and be gracious to me, as is your custom toward those who love your name.
2 Cor 4:16 So we do not lose heart. Even though our outer nature is wasting away, our inner nature is being renewed day by day.
Eph 3:14 For this reason I bow my knees before the Father,
Eph 3:16 I pray that, according to the riches of his glory, he may grant that you may be strengthened in your inner being with power through his Spirit,
Zech 4:6 He said to me, "This is the word of the Lord to Zerubbabel: Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, says the Lord of hosts.
Rom 15:13 May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that you may abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.
Ps 25:7 Do not remember the sins of my youth or my transgressions; according to your steadfast love remember me, for your goodness' sake, O Lord!
Ps 25:11 For your name's sake, O Lord, pardon my guilt, for it is great.
Acts 3:26 When God raised up his servant, he sent him first to you, to bless you by turning each of you from your wicked ways."
Acts 5:31 God exalted him at his right hand as Leader and Savior that he might give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins.
Acts 11:18 When they heard this, they were silenced. And they praised God, saying, "Then God has given even to the Gentiles the repentance that leads to life."
Acts 20:21 as I testified to both Jews and Greeks about repentance toward God and faith toward our Lord Jesus.
2 Cor 7:10 For godly grief produces a repentance that leads to salvation and brings no regret, but worldly grief produces death.
Heb 3:14 For we have become partners of Christ, if only we hold our first confidence firm to the end.
1 Pet 5:9 Resist him, steadfast in your faith, for you know that your brothers and sisters in all the world are undergoing the same kinds of suffering.
Ps 25:7 Do not remember the sins of my youth or my transgressions; according to your steadfast love remember me, for your goodness' sake, O Lord!
Ps 25:11 For your name's sake, O Lord, pardon my guilt, for it is great.
Acts 3:26 When God raised up his servant, he sent him first to you, to bless you by turning each of you from your wicked ways."
Acts 5:31 God exalted him at his right hand as Leader and Savior that he might give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins.
Acts 11:18 When they heard this, they were silenced. And they praised God, saying, "Then God has given even to the Gentiles the repentance that leads to life."
Acts 20:21 as I testified to both Jews and Greeks about repentance toward God and faith toward our Lord Jesus.
2 Cor 7:10 For godly grief produces a repentance that leads to salvation and brings no regret, but worldly grief produces death.
Heb 3:14 For we have become partners of Christ, if only we hold our first confidence firm to the end.
1 Pet 5:9 Resist him, steadfast in your faith, for you know that your brothers and sisters in all the world are undergoing the same kinds of suffering.
2 Kings 20:5-6 "Turn back, and say to Hezekiah prince of my people, Thus says the Lord, the God of your ancestor David: I have heard your prayer, I have seen your tears; indeed, I will heal you; on the third day you shall go up to the house of the Lord. I will add fifteen years to your life. I will deliver you and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria; I will defend this city for my own sake and for my servant David's sake."
Jer 32:17 Ah Lord God! It is you who made the heavens and the earth by your great power and by your outstretched arm! Nothing is too hard for you.
Matt 8:8 The centurion answered, "Lord, I am not worthy to have you come under my roof; but only speak the word, and my servant will be healed.
Luke 1:37 For nothing will be impossible with God."
John 11:32 When Mary came where Jesus was and saw him, she knelt at his feet and said to him, "Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died."
Heb 11:17 By faith Abraham, when put to the test, offered up Isaac. He who had received the promises was ready to offer up his only son,
Heb 11:19 He considered the fact that God is able even to raise someone from the dead--and figuratively speaking, he did receive him back.
Jam 5:15 The prayer of faith will save the sick, and the Lord will raise them up; and anyone who has committed sins will be forgiven.
Gen 5:24 Enoch walked with God; then he was no more, because God took him.
Ps 37:37 Mark the blameless, and behold the upright, for there is posterity for the peaceable.
Is 38:1 In those days Hezekiah became sick and was at the point of death. The prophet Isaiah son of Amoz came to him, and said to him, "Thus says the Lord: Set your house in order, for you shall die; you shall not recover."
Is 57:2 and they enter into peace; those who walk uprightly will rest on their couches.
Matt 25:3-4 When the foolish took their lamps, they took no oil with them; but the wise took flasks of oil with their lamps.
Matt 25:34 Then the king will say to those at his right hand, 'Come, you that are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world;
Luke 7:2 A centurion there had a slave whom he valued highly, and who was ill and close to death.
Luke 12:35-40 "Be dressed for action and have your lamps lit; be like those who are waiting for their master to return from the wedding banquet, so that they may open the door for him as soon as he comes and knocks. Blessed are those slaves whom the master finds alert when he comes; truly I tell you, he will fasten his belt and have them sit down to eat, and he will come and serve them. If he comes during the middle of the night, or near dawn, and finds them so, blessed are those slaves. "But know this: if the owner of the house had known at what hour the thief was coming, he would not have let his house be broken into. You also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an unexpected hour."
John 17:24 Father, I desire that those also, whom you have given me, may be with me where I am, to see my glory, which you have given me because you loved me before the foundation of the world.
Rom 5:20-21 But law came in, with the result that the trespass multiplied; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, so that, just as sin exercised dominion in death, so grace might also exercise dominion through justification leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Rom 8:29-30 For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn within a large family. And those whom he predestined he also called; and those whom he called he also justified; and those whom he justified he also glorified.
2 Tim 1:10 but it has now been revealed through the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, who abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel.
2 Tim 4:6-8 As for me, I am already being poured out as a libation, and the time of my departure has come. I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. From now on there is reserved for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will give me on that day, and not only to me but also to all who have longed for his appearing.
2 Pet 1:10-11 Therefore, brothers and sisters, be all the more eager to confirm your call and election, for if you do this, you will never stumble. For in this way, entry into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ will be richly provided for you.
1 John 3:2-3 Beloved, we are God's children now; what we will be has not yet been revealed. What we do know is this: when he is revealed, we will be like him, for we will see him as he is. And all who have this hope in him purify themselves, just as he is pure.
Rev 14:13 And I heard a voice from heaven saying, "Write this: Blessed are the dead who from now on die in the Lord." "Yes," says the Spirit, "they will rest from their labors, for their deeds follow them."
John 4:46-47 Then he came again to Cana in Galilee where he had changed the water into wine. Now there was a royal official whose son lay ill in Capernaum. When he heard that Jesus had come from Judea to Galilee, he went and begged him to come down and heal his son, for he was at the point of death.

A commendatory Prayer for a sick person at the point of departure.

III. The Commendatory Prayer for a sick person at the point of departure. The passing bell, why ordered. The third is a Commendatory Prayer for a sick person at the point of departure: for we know that when the dust returns to the earth as it was, the spirit returns unto God that gave it: and therefore our Saviour himself, when he was expiring on the cross, cries out to his Father, Into thy hands I commend my spirit. And that we are to imitate his holy example, is evident from the practice of his first martyr St. Stephen, who also at his death commended his soul into the hands of his Redeemer. Accordingly the succeeding ages of the Church always observed the same religious rite: and indeed it is unlikely that any one should omit it, who believes, as they did, that every one that dies before he can reach the seat of bliss, must pass through the dominion of evil spirits, who are ready, to be sure, to snatch at and seize all unhappy souls who approach their territories, without a guard of holy angels to preserve them from their power, and to conduct them safe to a place of repose. For this reason, because there are but few, who, at the instant of departure, are able to implore this protection for themselves; therefore our Church, in imitation of the saints of former ages, calls in the Minister, and others who are at hand, to assist their brother in his last extremity. In order to this she directs, that when any is passing out of this life, a bell shall be tolled, and the Minister shall not then be slack to do his last duty. The passing-bell indeed is now generally disused, ana only the short peal continued, which the canon orders to be rung after the party’s death. But the former was certainly of much more use, to give notice to all within the sound of it, to put up their last and most affectionate prayers for their dying neighbour, and to help their friend in those extremities which themselves must assuredly one day feel. However, if their prayers are wanted, it is more requisite that the Minister should be more diligent in his, who should therefore constantly be sent for, when these agonies approach, that so, by the use of this excellent composure, he may assist the dying soul in its flight to God, and alarm the living by such an example of mortality.

Gen 5:24 Enoch walked with God; then he was no more, because God took him.
Ps 37:37 Mark the blameless, and behold the upright, for there is posterity for the peaceable.
Is 38:1 In those days Hezekiah became sick and was at the point of death. The prophet Isaiah son of Amoz came to him, and said to him, "Thus says the Lord: Set your house in order, for you shall die; you shall not recover."
Is 57:2 and they enter into peace; those who walk uprightly will rest on their couches.
Matt 25:3-4 When the foolish took their lamps, they took no oil with them; but the wise took flasks of oil with their lamps.
Matt 25:34 Then the king will say to those at his right hand, 'Come, you that are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world;
Luke 7:2 A centurion there had a slave whom he valued highly, and who was ill and close to death.
Luke 12:35-40 "Be dressed for action and have your lamps lit; be like those who are waiting for their master to return from the wedding banquet, so that they may open the door for him as soon as he comes and knocks. Blessed are those slaves whom the master finds alert when he comes; truly I tell you, he will fasten his belt and have them sit down to eat, and he will come and serve them. If he comes during the middle of the night, or near dawn, and finds them so, blessed are those slaves. "But know this: if the owner of the house had known at what hour the thief was coming, he would not have let his house be broken into. You also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an unexpected hour."
John 17:24 Father, I desire that those also, whom you have given me, may be with me where I am, to see my glory, which you have given me because you loved me before the foundation of the world.
Rom 5:20-21 But law came in, with the result that the trespass multiplied; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, so that, just as sin exercised dominion in death, so grace might also exercise dominion through justification leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Rom 8:29-30 For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn within a large family. And those whom he predestined he also called; and those whom he called he also justified; and those whom he justified he also glorified.
2 Tim 1:10 but it has now been revealed through the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, who abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel.
2 Tim 4:6-8 As for me, I am already being poured out as a libation, and the time of my departure has come. I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. From now on there is reserved for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will give me on that day, and not only to me but also to all who have longed for his appearing.
2 Pet 1:10-11 Therefore, brothers and sisters, be all the more eager to confirm your call and election, for if you do this, you will never stumble. For in this way, entry into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ will be richly provided for you.
1 John 3:2-3 Beloved, we are God's children now; what we will be has not yet been revealed. What we do know is this: when he is revealed, we will be like him, for we will see him as he is. And all who have this hope in him purify themselves, just as he is pure.
Rev 14:13 And I heard a voice from heaven saying, "Write this: Blessed are the dead who from now on die in the Lord." "Yes," says the Spirit, "they will rest from their labors, for their deeds follow them."
John 4:46-47 Then he came again to Cana in Galilee where he had changed the water into wine. Now there was a royal official whose son lay ill in Capernaum. When he heard that Jesus had come from Judea to Galilee, he went and begged him to come down and heal his son, for he was at the point of death.
Ps 31:5 Into your hand I commit my spirit; you have redeemed me, O Lord, faithful God.
John 15:13 No one has greater love than this, to lay down one's life for one's friends.
Acts 7:59 While they were stoning Stephen, he prayed, "Lord Jesus, receive my spirit."
Acts 20:32 And now I commend you to God and to the message of his grace, a message that is able to build you up and to give you the inheritance among all who are sanctified.
Eph 2:4-5 But God, who is rich in mercy, out of the great love with which he loved us even when we were dead through our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ--by grace you have been saved--
2 Tim 1:12 and for this reason I suffer as I do. But I am not ashamed, for I know the one in whom I have put my trust, and I am sure that he is able to guard until that day what I have entrusted to him.
2 Tim 4:22 The Lord be with your spirit. Grace be with you.
Heb 2:17 Therefore he had to become like his brothers and sisters in every respect, so that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make a sacrifice of atonement for the sins of the people.
1 Pet 4:19 Therefore, let those suffering in accordance with God's will entrust themselves to a faithful Creator, while continuing to do good.
1 John 4:14 And we have seen and do testify that the Father has sent his Son as the Savior of the world.
Is 45:21-22 Declare and present your case; let them take counsel together! Who told this long ago? Who declared it of old? Was it not I, the Lord? There is no other god besides me, a righteous God and a Savior; there is no one besides me. Turn to me and be saved, all the ends of the earth! For I am God, and there is no other.
1 Sam 26:21 Then Saul said, "I have done wrong; come back, my son David, for I will never harm you again, because my life was precious in your sight today; I have been a fool, and have made a great mistake."
2 Kings 1:14 Look, fire came down from heaven and consumed the two former captains of fifty men with their fifties; but now let my life be precious in your sight."
Ps 26:9 Do not sweep me away with sinners, nor my life with the bloodthirsty,
Ps 26:11 But as for me, I walk in my integrity; redeem me, and be gracious to me.
Ps 35:3 Draw the spear and javelin against my pursuers; say to my soul, "I am your salvation."
Ps 69:17-18 Do not hide your face from your servant, for I am in distress--make haste to answer me. Draw near to me, redeem me, set me free because of my enemies.
Ezek 18:4 Know that all lives are mine; the life of the parent as well as the life of the child is mine: it is only the person who sins that shall die.
Ps 25:20 O guard my life, and deliver me; do not let me be put to shame, for I take refuge in you.
Ps 51:2 Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.
Ps 51:7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.
John 1:29 The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him and declared, "Here is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!
1 Cor 6:11 And this is what some of you used to be. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God.
1 Pet 1:18-19 You know that you were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your ancestors, not with perishable things like silver or gold, but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without defect or blemish.
Rev 1:5-6 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To him who loves us and freed us from our sins by his blood, and made us to be a kingdom, priests serving his God and Father, to him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.
Rev 5:9 They sing a new song: "You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, for you were slaughtered and by your blood you ransomed for God saints from every tribe and language and people and nation;
Rev 7:14 I said to him, "Sir, you are the one that knows." Then he said to me, "These are they who have come out of the great ordeal; they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
John 19:34 Instead, one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once blood and water came out.
Ps 51:2 Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.
Ps 51:7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.
John 1:29 The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him and declared, "Here is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!
1 Cor 6:11 And this is what some of you used to be. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God.
1 Pet 1:18-19 You know that you were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your ancestors, not with perishable things like silver or gold, but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without defect or blemish.
Rev 1:5-6 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To him who loves us and freed us from our sins by his blood, and made us to be a kingdom, priests serving his God and Father, to him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.
Rev 5:9 They sing a new song: "You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, for you were slaughtered and by your blood you ransomed for God saints from every tribe and language and people and nation;
Rev 7:14 I said to him, "Sir, you are the one that knows." Then he said to me, "These are they who have come out of the great ordeal; they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
John 19:34 Instead, one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once blood and water came out.
Eph 5:25-27 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her, in order to make her holy by cleansing her with the washing of water by the word, so as to present the church to himself in splendor, without a spot or wrinkle or anything of the kind--yes, so that she may be holy and without blemish.
Col 1:21-22 And you who were once estranged and hostile in mind, doing evil deeds, he has now reconciled in his fleshly body through death, so as to present you holy and blameless and irreproachable before him--
Jude 25:25 to the only God our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, power, and authority, before all time and now and forever. Amen.
Eph 5:25-27 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her, in order to make her holy by cleansing her with the washing of water by the word, so as to present the church to himself in splendor, without a spot or wrinkle or anything of the kind--yes, so that she may be holy and without blemish.
Col 1:21-22 And you who were once estranged and hostile in mind, doing evil deeds, he has now reconciled in his fleshly body through death, so as to present you holy and blameless and irreproachable before him--
Jude 25:25 to the only God our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, power, and authority, before all time and now and forever. Amen.
Eph 5:25-27 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her, in order to make her holy by cleansing her with the washing of water by the word, so as to present the church to himself in splendor, without a spot or wrinkle or anything of the kind--yes, so that she may be holy and without blemish.
Col 1:21-22 And you who were once estranged and hostile in mind, doing evil deeds, he has now reconciled in his fleshly body through death, so as to present you holy and blameless and irreproachable before him--
Jude 25:25 to the only God our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, power, and authority, before all time and now and forever. Amen.

A Prayer for persons troubled in mind or in conscience.

IV. The prayer for persons troubled in mind and in conscience. The fourth and last of these prayers is for persons troubled in mind or conscience. For when any become melancholy through bodily distempers, or by evil principles are troubled with dismal and false apprehensions of God, or are too much disturbed in their inward peace and quiet, through a dreadful sense of their former sins; it is fit that the spiritual physician should be called, that he may discreetly apply the promises of God, and endeavour to obtain his consolation and mercy for the dejected penitent’s deplorable state: to which purpose the prayer that is here provided, is very pertinent and useful.

Ps 34:19 Many are the afflictions of the righteous, but the Lord rescues them from them all.
Ps 103:13 As a father has compassion for his children, so the Lord has compassion for those who fear him.
Ps 119:156 Great is your mercy, O Lord; give me life according to your justice.
Is 49:15-16 Can a woman forget her nursing child, or show no compassion for the child of her womb? Even these may forget, yet I will not forget you. See, I have inscribed you on the palms of my hands; your walls are continually before me.
Is 63:15-16 Look down from heaven and see, from your holy and glorious habitation. Where are your zeal and your might? The yearning of your heart and your compassion? They are withheld from me. For you are our father, though Abraham does not know us and Israel does not acknowledge us; you, O Lord, are our father; our Redeemer from of old is your name.
Lam 3:32-33 Although he causes grief, he will have compassion according to the abundance of his steadfast love; for he does not willingly afflict or grieve anyone.
2 Cor 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and the God of all consolation,
Jam 5:11 Indeed we call blessed those who showed endurance. You have heard of the endurance of Job, and you have seen the purpose of the Lord, how the Lord is compassionate and merciful.
Jam 5:13-14 Are any among you suffering? They should pray. Are any cheerful? They should sing songs of praise. Are any among you sick? They should call for the elders of the church and have them pray over them, anointing them with oil in the name of the Lord.
1 Kings 17:18 She then said to Elijah, "What have you against me, O man of God? You have come to me to bring my sin to remembrance, and to cause the death of my son!"
Job 13:26 For you write bitter things against me, and make me reap the iniquities of my youth.
Ps 88:3 For my soul is full of troubles, and my life draws near to Sheol.
Ps 88:7 Your wrath lies heavy upon me, and you overwhelm me with all your waves.Selah
Is 38:1-5 In those days Hezekiah became sick and was at the point of death. The prophet Isaiah son of Amoz came to him, and said to him, "Thus says the Lord: Set your house in order, for you shall die; you shall not recover." Then Hezekiah turned his face to the wall, and prayed to the Lord: "Remember now, O Lord, I implore you, how I have walked before you in faithfulness with a whole heart, and have done what is good in your sight." And Hezekiah wept bitterly. Then the word of the Lord came to Isaiah: "Go and say to Hezekiah, Thus says the Lord, the God of your ancestor David: I have heard your prayer, I have seen your tears; I will add fifteen years to your life.
Ps 71:5 For you, O Lord, are my hope, my trust, O Lord, from my youth.
Ps 84:12 O Lord of hosts, happy is everyone who trusts in you.
Ps 119:18 Open my eyes, so that I may behold wondrous things out of your law.
Ps 119:27 Make me understand the way of your precepts, and I will meditate on your wondrous works.
Ps 119:34 Give me understanding, that I may keep your law and observe it with my whole heart.
Ps 119:66 Teach me good judgment and knowledge, for I believe in your commandments.
Ps 146:3-6 Do not put your trust in princes, in mortals, in whom there is no help. When their breath departs, they return to the earth; on that very day their plans perish. Happy are those whose help is the God of Jacob, whose hope is in the Lord their God, who made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them; who keeps faith forever;
Is 26:4 Trust in the Lord forever, for in the Lord God you have an everlasting rock.
Is 26:13 O Lord our God, other lords besides you have ruled over us, but we acknowledge your name alone.
Jer 17:5 Thus says the Lord: Cursed are those who trust in mere mortals and make mere flesh their strength, whose hearts turn away from the Lord.
Jer 17:7 Blessed are those who trust in the Lord, whose trust is the Lord.
Rom 2:6-10 For he will repay according to each one's deeds: to those who by patiently doing good seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life; while for those who are self-seeking and who obey not the truth but wickedness, there will be wrath and fury. There will be anguish and distress for everyone who does evil, the Jew first and also the Greek, but glory and honor and peace for everyone who does good, the Jew first and also the Greek.
Rom 15:4 For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, so that by steadfastness and by the encouragement of the scriptures we might have hope.
1 Cor 11:31 But if we judged ourselves, we would not be judged.
2 Cor 1:19-20 For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, whom we proclaimed among you, Silvanus and Timothy and I, was not "Yes and No"; but in him it is always "Yes." For in him every one of God's promises is a "Yes." For this reason it is through him that we say the "Amen," to the glory of God.
2 Cor 13:5 Examine yourselves to see whether you are living in the faith. Test yourselves. Do you not realize that Jesus Christ is in you?--unless, indeed, you fail to meet the test!
Eph 1:15-18 I have heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love toward all the saints, and for this reason I do not cease to give thanks for you as I remember you in my prayers. I pray that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give you a spirit of wisdom and revelation as you come to know him, so that, with the eyes of your heart enlightened, you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches of his glorious inheritance among the saints,
Heb 10:35-36 Do not, therefore, abandon that confidence of yours; it brings a great reward. For you need endurance, so that when you have done the will of God, you may receive what was promised.
1 John 3:20-21 whenever our hearts condemn us; for God is greater than our hearts, and he knows everything. Beloved, if our hearts do not condemn us, we have boldness before God;
Is 50:2 Why was no one there when I came? Why did no one answer when I called? Is my hand shortened, that it cannot redeem? Or have I no power to deliver? By my rebuke I dry up the sea, I make the rivers a desert; their fish stink for lack of water, and die of thirst.
Ps 41:4 As for me, I said, "O Lord, be gracious to me; heal me, for I have sinned against you."
Ps 103:2-4 Bless the Lord, O my soul, and do not forget all his benefits-- who forgives all your iniquity, who heals all your diseases, who redeems your life from the Pit, who crowns you with steadfast love and mercy,
Is 57:18 I have seen their ways, but I will heal them; I will lead them and repay them with comfort, creating for their mourners the fruit of the lips.
Jer 17:14 Heal me, O Lord, and I shall be healed; save me, and I shall be saved; for you are my praise.
Jer 30:17 For I will restore health to you, and your wounds I will heal, says the Lord, because they have called you an outcast: "It is Zion; no one cares for her!"
Hos 14:4 I will heal their disloyalty; I will love them freely, for my anger has turned from them.
2 Cor 12:9 but he said to me, "My grace is sufficient for you, for power is made perfect in weakness." So, I will boast all the more gladly of my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ may dwell in me.
Heb 2:18 Because he himself was tested by what he suffered, he is able to help those who are being tested.
Jam 1:2 My brothers and sisters, whenever you face trials of any kind, consider it nothing but joy,
Jam 1:12 Blessed is anyone who endures temptation. Such a one has stood the test and will receive the crown of life that the Lord has promised to those who love him.
1 Pet 1:6 In this you rejoice, even if now for a little while you have had to suffer various trials,
1 Pet 5:10 And after you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who has called you to his eternal glory in Christ, will himself restore, support, strengthen, and establish you.
Ps 30:11 You have turned my mourning into dancing; you have taken off my sackcloth and clothed me with joy,
Ps 51:8 Let me hear joy and gladness; let the bones that you have crushed rejoice.
Ps 51:17 The sacrifice acceptable to God is a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.
Ps 77:9 Has God forgotten to be gracious? Has he in anger shut up his compassion?"Selah
Ps 126:5-6 May those who sow in tears reap with shouts of joy. Those who go out weeping, bearing the seed for sowing, shall come home with shouts of joy, carrying their sheaves.
Lam 3:31-33 For the Lord will not reject forever. Although he causes grief, he will have compassion according to the abundance of his steadfast love; for he does not willingly afflict or grieve anyone.
Matt 11:28 "Come to me, all you that are weary and are carrying heavy burdens, and I will give you rest.
Matt 12:20 He will not break a bruised reed or quench a smoldering wick until he brings justice to victory.
Num 6:26 the Lord lift up his countenance upon you, and give you peace.
Ps 4:6 There are many who say, "O that we might see some good! Let the light of your face shine on us, O Lord!"
Ps 12:5 "Because the poor are despoiled, because the needy groan, I will now rise up," says the Lord; "I will place them in the safety for which they long."
Ps 61:2-3 From the end of the earth I call to you, when my heart is faint. Lead me to the rock that is higher than I; for you are my refuge, a strong tower against the enemy.
Ps 64:1 Hear my voice, O God, in my complaint; preserve my life from the dread enemy.
Ps 91:14-16 Those who love me, I will deliver; I will protect those who know my name. When they call to me, I will answer them; I will be with them in trouble, I will rescue them and honor them. With long life I will satisfy them, and show them my salvation.
Rom 5:1 Therefore, since we are justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,
Phil 4:7 And the peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.
John 14:27 Peace I leave with you; my peace I give to you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled, and do not let them be afraid.
John 16:33 I have said this to you, so that in me you may have peace. In the world you face persecution. But take courage; I have conquered the world!"